Flashcards on Acids, Bases, and Salts

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What is an acid?

An acid is a substance that donates hydrogen ions or protons in a chemical reaction.

What is a base?

A base is a substance that accepts hydrogen ions or donates hydroxide ions in a chemical reaction.

What is a salt?

A salt is a compound formed by the neutralization reaction between an acid and a base.

What is the pH scale?

The pH scale is a measure of how acidic or basic a solution is. It ranges from 0 to 14, with 7 being neutral.

Give an example of a strong acid.

Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is an example of a strong acid.

Give an example of a weak acid.

Acetic acid (CH3COOH) is an example of a weak acid.

Give an example of a strong base.

Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) is an example of a strong base.

Give an example of a weak base.

Ammonia (NH3) is an example of a weak base.

What is the pH of a neutral solution?

The pH of a neutral solution is 7.

What is the pH of an acidic solution?

The pH of an acidic solution is less than 7.

What is the pH of a basic solution?

The pH of a basic solution is greater than 7.

What is litmus paper used for?

Litmus paper is used to test whether a solution is acidic or basic. It turns red in acidic solutions and blue in basic solutions.

What is the chemical formula for hydrochloric acid?

The chemical formula for hydrochloric acid is HCl.

What is the chemical formula for sodium hydroxide?

The chemical formula for sodium hydroxide is NaOH.

What is the chemical formula for acetic acid?

The chemical formula for acetic acid is CH3COOH.

What is an acid?

An acid is a substance that donates hydrogen ions or protons in a chemical reaction.

What is a base?

A base is a substance that accepts hydrogen ions or donates hydroxide ions in a chemical reaction.

What is a salt?

A salt is a compound formed by the neutralization reaction between an acid and a base.

What is the pH scale?

The pH scale is a measure of how acidic or basic a solution is. It ranges from 0 to 14, with 7 being neutral.

Give an example of a strong acid.

Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is an example of a strong acid.

Give an example of a weak acid.

Acetic acid (CH3COOH) is an example of a weak acid.

Give an example of a strong base.

Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) is an example of a strong base.

Give an example of a weak base.

Ammonia (NH3) is an example of a weak base.

What is the pH of a neutral solution?

The pH of a neutral solution is 7.

What is the pH of an acidic solution?

The pH of an acidic solution is less than 7.

What is the pH of a basic solution?

The pH of a basic solution is greater than 7.

What is litmus paper used for?

Litmus paper is used to test whether a solution is acidic or basic. It turns red in acidic solutions and blue in basic solutions.

What is the chemical formula for hydrochloric acid?

The chemical formula for hydrochloric acid is HCl.

What is the chemical formula for sodium hydroxide?

The chemical formula for sodium hydroxide is NaOH.

What is the chemical formula for acetic acid?

The chemical formula for acetic acid is CH3COOH.

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