Flashcards on AP Psychology

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What is the definition of psychology?

The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.

What are the three types of research in psychology?

Descriptive, correlational, and experimental research.

Who is the founder of psychoanalysis?

Sigmund Freud.

What is operant conditioning?

The process by which a behavior becomes more or less likely to occur depending on its consequence.

What is the theory of cognitive dissonance?

The discomfort that occurs when an individual's beliefs or behaviors are inconsistent with one another.

What is the difference between sensation and perception?

Sensation is the process of receiving information from the environment, while perception is the process of organizing and interpreting that information.

What is the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?

A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who can prescribe medication, while a psychologist is not a medical doctor and cannot prescribe medication.

What is the difference between descriptive and inferential statistics?

Descriptive statistics describe data, while inferential statistics draw conclusions about populations based on data from a sample.

What is the difference between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system?

The sympathetic nervous system is responsible for the fight or flight response, while the parasympathetic nervous system is responsible for the rest and digest response.

What is the bystander effect?

The tendency for individuals to be less likely to help someone in need when others are present.

What is the difference between short-term and long-term memory?

Short-term memory stores information for a brief period of time, while long-term memory can store information for an indefinite amount of time.

What is the difference between a self-fulfilling prophecy and a placebo effect?

A self-fulfilling prophecy is a belief that leads to its own fulfillment, while a placebo effect is a response to a treatment that has no active ingredients.

What is the difference between divergent and convergent thinking?

Divergent thinking is the process of generating multiple ideas or solutions, while convergent thinking is the process of selecting the best idea or solution.

What is the difference between absolute and difference thresholds?

Absolute threshold is the minimum amount of stimulation needed to detect a stimulus, while difference threshold is the minimum amount of difference between two stimuli that can be detected.

What is the difference between proactive and retroactive interference?

Proactive interference occurs when old information interferes with new information, while retroactive interference occurs when new information interferes with old information.

What is the definition of psychology?

The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.

What are the three types of research in psychology?

Descriptive, correlational, and experimental research.

Who is the founder of psychoanalysis?

Sigmund Freud.

What is operant conditioning?

The process by which a behavior becomes more or less likely to occur depending on its consequence.

What is the theory of cognitive dissonance?

The discomfort that occurs when an individual's beliefs or behaviors are inconsistent with one another.

What is the difference between sensation and perception?

Sensation is the process of receiving information from the environment, while perception is the process of organizing and interpreting that information.

What is the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?

A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who can prescribe medication, while a psychologist is not a medical doctor and cannot prescribe medication.

What is the difference between descriptive and inferential statistics?

Descriptive statistics describe data, while inferential statistics draw conclusions about populations based on data from a sample.

What is the difference between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system?

The sympathetic nervous system is responsible for the fight or flight response, while the parasympathetic nervous system is responsible for the rest and digest response.

What is the bystander effect?

The tendency for individuals to be less likely to help someone in need when others are present.

What is the difference between short-term and long-term memory?

Short-term memory stores information for a brief period of time, while long-term memory can store information for an indefinite amount of time.

What is the difference between a self-fulfilling prophecy and a placebo effect?

A self-fulfilling prophecy is a belief that leads to its own fulfillment, while a placebo effect is a response to a treatment that has no active ingredients.

What is the difference between divergent and convergent thinking?

Divergent thinking is the process of generating multiple ideas or solutions, while convergent thinking is the process of selecting the best idea or solution.

What is the difference between absolute and difference thresholds?

Absolute threshold is the minimum amount of stimulation needed to detect a stimulus, while difference threshold is the minimum amount of difference between two stimuli that can be detected.

What is the difference between proactive and retroactive interference?

Proactive interference occurs when old information interferes with new information, while retroactive interference occurs when new information interferes with old information.

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