Flashcards on Apartheid and South Africa

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When did apartheid begin in South Africa?

Apartheid began in South Africa in 1948.

What does the term 'apartheid' mean?

The term 'apartheid' means 'separateness' in Afrikaans.

Who was the main South African anti-apartheid revolutionary and politician?

Nelson Mandela was the main South African anti-apartheid revolutionary and politician.

What were the main laws and policies of apartheid?

The main laws and policies of apartheid included racial segregation, the promotion of white supremacy, and the suppression of black rights.

When did apartheid officially end in South Africa?

Apartheid officially ended in South Africa in 1994.

Which world leader was instrumental in imposing economic sanctions on South Africa during apartheid?

Margaret Thatcher, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was instrumental in imposing economic sanctions on South Africa during apartheid.

What was the international movement that aimed to oppose apartheid in South Africa?

The international movement that aimed to oppose apartheid in South Africa was called the Anti-Apartheid Movement.

Which Nobel Peace Prize laureate played a significant role in the abolition of apartheid?

Desmond Tutu, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, played a significant role in the abolition of apartheid.

What were the key events that led to the end of apartheid?

Key events that led to the end of apartheid include the release of Nelson Mandela, negotiations between the government and the African National Congress (ANC), and the first non-racial elections in 1994.

Which South African president was the last to serve during the apartheid era?

F.W. de Klerk was the last South African president to serve during the apartheid era.

What was the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) in South Africa?

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) was a judicial body established in South Africa to help the nation heal after the atrocities of apartheid. It provided amnesty to those who made full disclosures of politically motivated human rights violations.

Under apartheid, what were the different racial groups classified as?

Under apartheid, the different racial groups were classified as Whites, Blacks, Coloreds, and Asians.

What was the Sharpeville Massacre?

The Sharpeville Massacre was a tragic incident in 1960 where South African police opened fire on a crowd of peaceful protesters, killing 69 people and injuring many others.

Which political party came to power in South Africa and implemented apartheid?

The National Party came to power in South Africa and implemented apartheid.

How did the international community respond to apartheid in South Africa?

The international community responded to apartheid in South Africa by imposing economic sanctions, boycotting sporting events, and supporting the anti-apartheid movement.

What was the African National Congress (ANC) and its role in the fight against apartheid?

The African National Congress (ANC) was a political party that played a crucial role in the fight against apartheid. It advocated for the rights of black South Africans and actively resisted the apartheid regime.

When did apartheid begin in South Africa?

Apartheid began in South Africa in 1948.

What does the term 'apartheid' mean?

The term 'apartheid' means 'separateness' in Afrikaans.

Who was the main South African anti-apartheid revolutionary and politician?

Nelson Mandela was the main South African anti-apartheid revolutionary and politician.

What were the main laws and policies of apartheid?

The main laws and policies of apartheid included racial segregation, the promotion of white supremacy, and the suppression of black rights.

When did apartheid officially end in South Africa?

Apartheid officially ended in South Africa in 1994.

Which world leader was instrumental in imposing economic sanctions on South Africa during apartheid?

Margaret Thatcher, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was instrumental in imposing economic sanctions on South Africa during apartheid.

What was the international movement that aimed to oppose apartheid in South Africa?

The international movement that aimed to oppose apartheid in South Africa was called the Anti-Apartheid Movement.

Which Nobel Peace Prize laureate played a significant role in the abolition of apartheid?

Desmond Tutu, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, played a significant role in the abolition of apartheid.

What were the key events that led to the end of apartheid?

Key events that led to the end of apartheid include the release of Nelson Mandela, negotiations between the government and the African National Congress (ANC), and the first non-racial elections in 1994.

Which South African president was the last to serve during the apartheid era?

F.W. de Klerk was the last South African president to serve during the apartheid era.

What was the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) in South Africa?

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) was a judicial body established in South Africa to help the nation heal after the atrocities of apartheid. It provided amnesty to those who made full disclosures of politically motivated human rights violations.

Under apartheid, what were the different racial groups classified as?

Under apartheid, the different racial groups were classified as Whites, Blacks, Coloreds, and Asians.

What was the Sharpeville Massacre?

The Sharpeville Massacre was a tragic incident in 1960 where South African police opened fire on a crowd of peaceful protesters, killing 69 people and injuring many others.

Which political party came to power in South Africa and implemented apartheid?

The National Party came to power in South Africa and implemented apartheid.

How did the international community respond to apartheid in South Africa?

The international community responded to apartheid in South Africa by imposing economic sanctions, boycotting sporting events, and supporting the anti-apartheid movement.

What was the African National Congress (ANC) and its role in the fight against apartheid?

The African National Congress (ANC) was a political party that played a crucial role in the fight against apartheid. It advocated for the rights of black South Africans and actively resisted the apartheid regime.

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