Flashcards on Biodiversity and Conservation

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What is biodiversity?

Biodiversity refers to the variety of plant and animal species present in a particular habitat or on Earth as a whole.

Why is biodiversity important?

Biodiversity is important for maintaining ecosystem balance, providing ecosystem services such as clean air and water, and supporting human livelihoods.

What are the main threats to biodiversity?

The main threats to biodiversity include habitat destruction, pollution, climate change, invasive species, and overexploitation of natural resources.

What is species extinction?

Species extinction occurs when a particular species ceases to exist in the wild or globally.

How do conservation efforts help protect biodiversity?

Conservation efforts involve various actions such as establishing protected areas, promoting sustainable resource use, and raising awareness to protect and restore biodiversity.

What is the role of zoos in biodiversity conservation?

Zoos play a significant role in biodiversity conservation by maintaining endangered species populations through captive breeding programs, research, and education.

What is the Convention on Biological Diversity?

The Convention on Biological Diversity is an international treaty that aims to conserve biodiversity, ensure its sustainable use, and promote the fair and equitable sharing of benefits derived from genetic resources.

What are some strategies to conserve biodiversity at the individual level?

Strategies to conserve biodiversity at the individual level include recycling, reducing consumption, practicing sustainable agriculture, and supporting conservation organizations.

What is the role of national parks in biodiversity conservation?

National parks serve as protected areas where biodiversity can thrive without significant human disturbance, preserving ecosystems and providing opportunities for recreation and research.

What is the difference between biodiversity and species richness?

Biodiversity is a broader term that encompasses the variety of plant and animal species along with their genetic diversity and ecosystems, while species richness refers to the total number of different species in a given area.

Why is habitat conservation important for biodiversity?

Habitat conservation is crucial for biodiversity as it ensures the preservation of the specific ecosystems and ecological niches that support diverse plant and animal species.

How does climate change impact biodiversity?

Climate change can lead to shifts in habitat ranges, alteration of ecosystems, and increased extinction rates, negatively impacting biodiversity.

What are the benefits of conservation agriculture to biodiversity?

Conservation agriculture practices such as crop rotation, cover cropping, and reduced tillage help enhance soil health, reduce erosion, and promote biodiversity by preserving natural habitats and reducing chemical inputs.

What is the concept of keystone species in biodiversity conservation?

Keystone species are species that have a disproportionately large impact on their ecosystem relative to their abundance, and their conservation is crucial for maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem stability.

How can citizen science contribute to biodiversity monitoring and conservation?

Citizen science programs engage the public in collecting data on biodiversity, allowing scientists to gather large-scale information that aids in monitoring species populations, distribution, and habitat changes for effective conservation planning.

What are the economic benefits of biodiversity conservation?

Biodiversity conservation contributes to sustainable economic development through ecotourism, provision of raw materials, and ecosystem services that support various industries and livelihoods.

What is biodiversity?

Biodiversity refers to the variety of plant and animal species present in a particular habitat or on Earth as a whole.

Why is biodiversity important?

Biodiversity is important for maintaining ecosystem balance, providing ecosystem services such as clean air and water, and supporting human livelihoods.

What are the main threats to biodiversity?

The main threats to biodiversity include habitat destruction, pollution, climate change, invasive species, and overexploitation of natural resources.

What is species extinction?

Species extinction occurs when a particular species ceases to exist in the wild or globally.

How do conservation efforts help protect biodiversity?

Conservation efforts involve various actions such as establishing protected areas, promoting sustainable resource use, and raising awareness to protect and restore biodiversity.

What is the role of zoos in biodiversity conservation?

Zoos play a significant role in biodiversity conservation by maintaining endangered species populations through captive breeding programs, research, and education.

What is the Convention on Biological Diversity?

The Convention on Biological Diversity is an international treaty that aims to conserve biodiversity, ensure its sustainable use, and promote the fair and equitable sharing of benefits derived from genetic resources.

What are some strategies to conserve biodiversity at the individual level?

Strategies to conserve biodiversity at the individual level include recycling, reducing consumption, practicing sustainable agriculture, and supporting conservation organizations.

What is the role of national parks in biodiversity conservation?

National parks serve as protected areas where biodiversity can thrive without significant human disturbance, preserving ecosystems and providing opportunities for recreation and research.

What is the difference between biodiversity and species richness?

Biodiversity is a broader term that encompasses the variety of plant and animal species along with their genetic diversity and ecosystems, while species richness refers to the total number of different species in a given area.

Why is habitat conservation important for biodiversity?

Habitat conservation is crucial for biodiversity as it ensures the preservation of the specific ecosystems and ecological niches that support diverse plant and animal species.

How does climate change impact biodiversity?

Climate change can lead to shifts in habitat ranges, alteration of ecosystems, and increased extinction rates, negatively impacting biodiversity.

What are the benefits of conservation agriculture to biodiversity?

Conservation agriculture practices such as crop rotation, cover cropping, and reduced tillage help enhance soil health, reduce erosion, and promote biodiversity by preserving natural habitats and reducing chemical inputs.

What is the concept of keystone species in biodiversity conservation?

Keystone species are species that have a disproportionately large impact on their ecosystem relative to their abundance, and their conservation is crucial for maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem stability.

How can citizen science contribute to biodiversity monitoring and conservation?

Citizen science programs engage the public in collecting data on biodiversity, allowing scientists to gather large-scale information that aids in monitoring species populations, distribution, and habitat changes for effective conservation planning.

What are the economic benefits of biodiversity conservation?

Biodiversity conservation contributes to sustainable economic development through ecotourism, provision of raw materials, and ecosystem services that support various industries and livelihoods.

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