Flashcards on Biotechnology: Principles and Processes

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What is biotechnology?

Biotechnology is the use of biological systems, organisms, or processes to develop or make products.

What are the principles of biotechnology?

The principles of biotechnology include genetic engineering, fermentation, and tissue culture.

What is genetic engineering?

Genetic engineering is the manipulation of an organism's genes to create desired traits or outcomes.

What is fermentation?

Fermentation is a process that uses yeasts or bacteria to convert sugars into alcohol or organic acids.

What is tissue culture?

Tissue culture is the process of growing cells or tissues in a controlled environment outside of their natural context.

What are the applications of biotechnology?

Biotechnology has applications in agriculture, medicine, environmental science, and industry.

What is recombinant DNA technology?

Recombinant DNA technology is a technique used to combine DNA molecules from different sources to create genetically modified organisms.

What are the steps involved in genetic engineering?

The steps involved in genetic engineering include isolation of DNA, gene splicing, and transformation.

What is PCR?

PCR stands for Polymerase Chain Reaction and is a technique used to amplify DNA sequences.

What is a transgenic organism?

A transgenic organism is an organism that has been genetically modified by the introduction of a foreign gene.

What is a bioreactor?

A bioreactor is a vessel or system used to grow cells or tissues in a controlled environment for biotechnological processes.

What is gene therapy?

Gene therapy is a medical technique that involves altering or replacing defective genes in order to treat or prevent diseases.

What is the role of enzymes in biotechnology?

Enzymes are biological catalysts that are used to speed up chemical reactions in biotechnological processes.

What is the difference between biotechnology and genetic engineering?

Biotechnology is a broader field that includes genetic engineering as one of its techniques.

What are the ethical considerations of biotechnology?

Ethical considerations in biotechnology include issues related to genetic modification, cloning, and animal testing.

What is biotechnology?

Biotechnology is the use of biological systems, organisms, or processes to develop or make products.

What are the principles of biotechnology?

The principles of biotechnology include genetic engineering, fermentation, and tissue culture.

What is genetic engineering?

Genetic engineering is the manipulation of an organism's genes to create desired traits or outcomes.

What is fermentation?

Fermentation is a process that uses yeasts or bacteria to convert sugars into alcohol or organic acids.

What is tissue culture?

Tissue culture is the process of growing cells or tissues in a controlled environment outside of their natural context.

What are the applications of biotechnology?

Biotechnology has applications in agriculture, medicine, environmental science, and industry.

What is recombinant DNA technology?

Recombinant DNA technology is a technique used to combine DNA molecules from different sources to create genetically modified organisms.

What are the steps involved in genetic engineering?

The steps involved in genetic engineering include isolation of DNA, gene splicing, and transformation.

What is PCR?

PCR stands for Polymerase Chain Reaction and is a technique used to amplify DNA sequences.

What is a transgenic organism?

A transgenic organism is an organism that has been genetically modified by the introduction of a foreign gene.

What is a bioreactor?

A bioreactor is a vessel or system used to grow cells or tissues in a controlled environment for biotechnological processes.

What is gene therapy?

Gene therapy is a medical technique that involves altering or replacing defective genes in order to treat or prevent diseases.

What is the role of enzymes in biotechnology?

Enzymes are biological catalysts that are used to speed up chemical reactions in biotechnological processes.

What is the difference between biotechnology and genetic engineering?

Biotechnology is a broader field that includes genetic engineering as one of its techniques.

What are the ethical considerations of biotechnology?

Ethical considerations in biotechnology include issues related to genetic modification, cloning, and animal testing.

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