Flashcards on Carbon and its Compounds

Click on the flashcard to see the answer


What is the atomic number of carbon?

6

Which element is the basis of organic chemistry?

Carbon

What is the molecular formula of methane?

CH4

What are hydrocarbons?

Compounds composed of hydrogen and carbon atoms

What is the process of breaking down larger hydrocarbon molecules into smaller ones called?

Cracking

What is the name given to compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms?

Hydrocarbons

What is the name of the phenomenon in which carbon atoms can form long chains or rings?

Catination

What is the name of the simplest hydrocarbon?

Methane

What are organic compounds?

Compounds that contain carbon atoms

What is the process of burning hydrocarbons in the presence of oxygen called?

Combustion

What is the general formula for alkanes?

CnH2n+2

What is the difference between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons?

Saturated hydrocarbons contain only single bonds between carbon atoms, while unsaturated hydrocarbons contain at least one double or triple bond.

What are isomers?

Compounds with the same molecular formula but different structural formulas

What is the name of the hydrocarbon series with a double bond between adjacent carbon atoms?

Alkenes

What is the name of the hydrocarbon series with a triple bond between adjacent carbon atoms?

Alkynes

What is the atomic number of carbon?

6

Which element is the basis of organic chemistry?

Carbon

What is the molecular formula of methane?

CH4

What are hydrocarbons?

Compounds composed of hydrogen and carbon atoms

What is the process of breaking down larger hydrocarbon molecules into smaller ones called?

Cracking

What is the name given to compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms?

Hydrocarbons

What is the name of the phenomenon in which carbon atoms can form long chains or rings?

Catination

What is the name of the simplest hydrocarbon?

Methane

What are organic compounds?

Compounds that contain carbon atoms

What is the process of burning hydrocarbons in the presence of oxygen called?

Combustion

What is the general formula for alkanes?

CnH2n+2

What is the difference between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons?

Saturated hydrocarbons contain only single bonds between carbon atoms, while unsaturated hydrocarbons contain at least one double or triple bond.

What are isomers?

Compounds with the same molecular formula but different structural formulas

What is the name of the hydrocarbon series with a double bond between adjacent carbon atoms?

Alkenes

What is the name of the hydrocarbon series with a triple bond between adjacent carbon atoms?

Alkynes

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