Flashcards on Cell Cycle and Cell Division

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What is cell cycle?

The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its division is termed as the cell cycle.

What are the stages of the cell cycle?

Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase and Cytokinesis

What is mitosis?

A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells each having the same number and kind of chromosomes as the parent nucleus.

What are the phases of mitosis?

Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase

What is meiosis?

A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells each with half the number of chromosomes of the parent cell.

What are the two stages of meiosis?

Meiosis I, Meiosis II

What is the difference between meiosis and mitosis?

Meiosis results in four genetically diverse daughter cells, while mitosis results in two genetically identical daughter cells.

What is the significance of the cell cycle?

It is important for growth, repair, and maintenance of multicellular organisms.

What happens during Prophase in mitosis?

The chromatin condenses and becomes visible as chromosomes, and the nuclear envelope breaks down.

What happens during Anaphase in mitosis?

The sister chromatids separate and move towards opposite poles of the cell.

What happens during Cytokinesis?

The cytoplasm divides and two daughter cells are formed.

What is the end result of mitosis?

Two genetically identical daughter cells.

What is the end result of meiosis?

Four genetically diverse daughter cells.

What is Telophase in mitosis?

The final stage of mitosis, where the chromosomes arrive at opposite poles and decondense, and the nuclear envelope reforms.

What are checkpoint proteins?

They are proteins that regulate the progression of the cell cycle and ensure that everything is occurring as it should be.

What is cell cycle?

The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its division is termed as the cell cycle.

What are the stages of the cell cycle?

Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase and Cytokinesis

What is mitosis?

A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells each having the same number and kind of chromosomes as the parent nucleus.

What are the phases of mitosis?

Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase

What is meiosis?

A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells each with half the number of chromosomes of the parent cell.

What are the two stages of meiosis?

Meiosis I, Meiosis II

What is the difference between meiosis and mitosis?

Meiosis results in four genetically diverse daughter cells, while mitosis results in two genetically identical daughter cells.

What is the significance of the cell cycle?

It is important for growth, repair, and maintenance of multicellular organisms.

What happens during Prophase in mitosis?

The chromatin condenses and becomes visible as chromosomes, and the nuclear envelope breaks down.

What happens during Anaphase in mitosis?

The sister chromatids separate and move towards opposite poles of the cell.

What happens during Cytokinesis?

The cytoplasm divides and two daughter cells are formed.

What is the end result of mitosis?

Two genetically identical daughter cells.

What is the end result of meiosis?

Four genetically diverse daughter cells.

What is Telophase in mitosis?

The final stage of mitosis, where the chromosomes arrive at opposite poles and decondense, and the nuclear envelope reforms.

What are checkpoint proteins?

They are proteins that regulate the progression of the cell cycle and ensure that everything is occurring as it should be.

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