Flashcards on Cognitive Neuroscience

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What is Cognitive Neuroscience?

It is an interdisciplinary field that studies the neural basis of cognition, which is the mental processes like perception, attention, learning, memory, language, and decision-making.

What are the branches of Cognitive Neuroscience?

There are several branches of Cognitive Neuroscience, including Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Science, Neurobiology, and Neurophysiology.

What are the tools used in Cognitive Neuroscience?

The tools used in Cognitive Neuroscience include structural and functional neuroimaging, electrophysiology, and cognitive testing.

What are the brain regions that affect memory processing?

The hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex are the main brain regions that affect memory processing.

What is the working memory theory?

The working memory theory suggests that the working memory is a limited-capacity system that is responsible for temporarily storing and manipulating information.

What are the brain regions that are affected in individuals with depression?

The amygdala, the hippocampus, and the prefrontal cortex are the main brain regions that are affected in individuals with depression.

What is the role of the left hemisphere in language processing?

The left hemisphere is typically responsible for language processing, including the production and comprehension of speech and the recognition of written words.

What are the different types of attention?

The different types of attention include sustained attention, selective attention, divided attention, and attentional switching.

What is the default mode network?

The default mode network is a set of brain regions that is active when a person is not focused on the outside world, but instead on internal thoughts and feelings.

What is neuroplasticity?

Neuroplasticity is the ability of the brain to change and reorganize itself in response to experience.

What is the role of the prefrontal cortex in decision-making?

The prefrontal cortex is involved in decision-making by weighing the pros and cons of different options and determining which action to take.

What is the role of dopamine in reward processing?

Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that is released in response to rewarding stimuli and is involved in the brain's reward system.

What is the role of the parietal cortex in spatial cognition?

The parietal cortex is involved in spatial cognition, including spatial perception, spatial attention, and spatial memory.

What is the role of the amygdala in emotional processing?

The amygdala is a brain structure that is involved in emotional processing, including the processing of fear and anxiety.

What is the role of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex in moral decision-making?

The ventromedial prefrontal cortex is involved in moral decision-making by processing information about the social and emotional consequences of different actions.

What is Cognitive Neuroscience?

It is an interdisciplinary field that studies the neural basis of cognition, which is the mental processes like perception, attention, learning, memory, language, and decision-making.

What are the branches of Cognitive Neuroscience?

There are several branches of Cognitive Neuroscience, including Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Science, Neurobiology, and Neurophysiology.

What are the tools used in Cognitive Neuroscience?

The tools used in Cognitive Neuroscience include structural and functional neuroimaging, electrophysiology, and cognitive testing.

What are the brain regions that affect memory processing?

The hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex are the main brain regions that affect memory processing.

What is the working memory theory?

The working memory theory suggests that the working memory is a limited-capacity system that is responsible for temporarily storing and manipulating information.

What are the brain regions that are affected in individuals with depression?

The amygdala, the hippocampus, and the prefrontal cortex are the main brain regions that are affected in individuals with depression.

What is the role of the left hemisphere in language processing?

The left hemisphere is typically responsible for language processing, including the production and comprehension of speech and the recognition of written words.

What are the different types of attention?

The different types of attention include sustained attention, selective attention, divided attention, and attentional switching.

What is the default mode network?

The default mode network is a set of brain regions that is active when a person is not focused on the outside world, but instead on internal thoughts and feelings.

What is neuroplasticity?

Neuroplasticity is the ability of the brain to change and reorganize itself in response to experience.

What is the role of the prefrontal cortex in decision-making?

The prefrontal cortex is involved in decision-making by weighing the pros and cons of different options and determining which action to take.

What is the role of dopamine in reward processing?

Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that is released in response to rewarding stimuli and is involved in the brain's reward system.

What is the role of the parietal cortex in spatial cognition?

The parietal cortex is involved in spatial cognition, including spatial perception, spatial attention, and spatial memory.

What is the role of the amygdala in emotional processing?

The amygdala is a brain structure that is involved in emotional processing, including the processing of fear and anxiety.

What is the role of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex in moral decision-making?

The ventromedial prefrontal cortex is involved in moral decision-making by processing information about the social and emotional consequences of different actions.

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