Flashcards on Cold War

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What was the Cold War?

A period of political and military tension between the Western world, led by the United States, and the Eastern bloc, led by the Soviet Union, from 1947 to 1991.

When did the Cold War start?

1947

When did the Cold War end?

1991

What was the Truman Doctrine?

A policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.

What was the Marshall Plan?

An American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States provided over $13 billion (nearly $110 billion in 2021 US dollars) in economic assistance to millions of people and their countries devastated by World War II.

What was the Berlin Wall?

A wall that divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989, constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off (by land) West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin.

Who were the leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War?

United States: Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan. Soviet Union: Joseph Stalin, Nikita Khrushchev, Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Andropov, Konstantin Chernenko, Mikhail Gorbachev.

What was the Cuban Missile Crisis?

A 13-day political and military standoff in October 1962 over the installation of Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba. The crisis is generally considered to be the closest the world came to nuclear war.

What was the space race?

A Cold War competition between the United States and the Soviet Union to achieve firsts in spaceflight capability.

What was the arms race?

A competition between the United States and the Soviet Union to build and acquire more weapons than the other side.

What was the Iron Curtain?

A term used to describe the boundary that separated the communist and non-communist areas of Europe during the Cold War.

What was the Warsaw Pact?

A military alliance of communist states in Central and Eastern Europe established in 1955 in response to the formation of NATO.

What was the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)?

A military alliance of Western European and North American democracies founded after World War II to deter the Soviet Union and its satellites from invading Western Europe.

What was the SALT I treaty?

A treaty signed by the United States and the Soviet Union in 1972 that limited both countries' strategic nuclear weapons.

What was the fall of the Soviet Union?

The collapse of the Soviet Union on December 26, 1991, which ended the Cold War.

What was the Cold War?

A period of political and military tension between the Western world, led by the United States, and the Eastern bloc, led by the Soviet Union, from 1947 to 1991.

When did the Cold War start?

1947

When did the Cold War end?

1991

What was the Truman Doctrine?

A policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.

What was the Marshall Plan?

An American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States provided over $13 billion (nearly $110 billion in 2021 US dollars) in economic assistance to millions of people and their countries devastated by World War II.

What was the Berlin Wall?

A wall that divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989, constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off (by land) West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin.

Who were the leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War?

United States: Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan. Soviet Union: Joseph Stalin, Nikita Khrushchev, Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Andropov, Konstantin Chernenko, Mikhail Gorbachev.

What was the Cuban Missile Crisis?

A 13-day political and military standoff in October 1962 over the installation of Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba. The crisis is generally considered to be the closest the world came to nuclear war.

What was the space race?

A Cold War competition between the United States and the Soviet Union to achieve firsts in spaceflight capability.

What was the arms race?

A competition between the United States and the Soviet Union to build and acquire more weapons than the other side.

What was the Iron Curtain?

A term used to describe the boundary that separated the communist and non-communist areas of Europe during the Cold War.

What was the Warsaw Pact?

A military alliance of communist states in Central and Eastern Europe established in 1955 in response to the formation of NATO.

What was the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)?

A military alliance of Western European and North American democracies founded after World War II to deter the Soviet Union and its satellites from invading Western Europe.

What was the SALT I treaty?

A treaty signed by the United States and the Soviet Union in 1972 that limited both countries' strategic nuclear weapons.

What was the fall of the Soviet Union?

The collapse of the Soviet Union on December 26, 1991, which ended the Cold War.

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