Flashcards on Computer Languages and Translators

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What is a programming language?

A programming language is a formal language designed to express computations that can be performed by a machine, particularly a computer.

What are the two types of translators?

The two types of translators are compilers and interpreters.

What is the purpose of a compiler?

A compiler translates the entire source code of a program into object code before running the program.

What is the purpose of an interpreter?

An interpreter translates and executes the code line by line as it is encountered.

What is source code?

Source code is the code that a programmer writes using a programming language.

What is object code?

Object code is the translated code that is created by a compiler or assembler.

What is syntax in programming?

Syntax is the set of rules that dictate the structure of statements in a programming language.

What is semantics in programming?

Semantics is the meaning of statements in a programming language.

What is the difference between a low-level language and a high-level language?

Low-level languages provide precise control over hardware resources, while high-level languages offer greater abstraction and ease of use.

What is assembly language?

Assembly language is a low-level language that uses symbols and abbreviations to represent machine level operations.

What is a script in programming?

A script is a program that is written for a specific application, such as a web browser, and is executed within that application.

What is the purpose of a linker?

A linker combines object files into a single executable file or library.

What is an API in programming?

An API (Application Programming Interface) is a set of protocols and functions for building software applications.

What is the purpose of a debugger?

A debugger is a tool that is used to locate and correct errors (bugs) in a program.

What is the difference between a static website and a dynamic website?

A static website uses fixed content, while a dynamic website uses dynamic content that is generated on the fly by a server-side scripting language.

What is a programming language?

A programming language is a formal language designed to express computations that can be performed by a machine, particularly a computer.

What are the two types of translators?

The two types of translators are compilers and interpreters.

What is the purpose of a compiler?

A compiler translates the entire source code of a program into object code before running the program.

What is the purpose of an interpreter?

An interpreter translates and executes the code line by line as it is encountered.

What is source code?

Source code is the code that a programmer writes using a programming language.

What is object code?

Object code is the translated code that is created by a compiler or assembler.

What is syntax in programming?

Syntax is the set of rules that dictate the structure of statements in a programming language.

What is semantics in programming?

Semantics is the meaning of statements in a programming language.

What is the difference between a low-level language and a high-level language?

Low-level languages provide precise control over hardware resources, while high-level languages offer greater abstraction and ease of use.

What is assembly language?

Assembly language is a low-level language that uses symbols and abbreviations to represent machine level operations.

What is a script in programming?

A script is a program that is written for a specific application, such as a web browser, and is executed within that application.

What is the purpose of a linker?

A linker combines object files into a single executable file or library.

What is an API in programming?

An API (Application Programming Interface) is a set of protocols and functions for building software applications.

What is the purpose of a debugger?

A debugger is a tool that is used to locate and correct errors (bugs) in a program.

What is the difference between a static website and a dynamic website?

A static website uses fixed content, while a dynamic website uses dynamic content that is generated on the fly by a server-side scripting language.

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