Flashcards on Control and Coordination

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What is control and coordination?

Control and coordination is the process by which organisms regulate and respond to stimuli in their environment.

What are the two main systems involved in control and coordination in animals?

The nervous system and the endocrine system are the two main systems involved in control and coordination in animals.

What is the function of the nervous system?

The nervous system is responsible for detecting and responding to external and internal stimuli.

What are the two divisions of the nervous system?

The two divisions of the nervous system are the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS).

What are neurons?

Neurons are specialized cells that transmit electrical signals in the nervous system.

What is a reflex action?

A reflex action is an involuntary and rapid response to a stimulus, mediated by the spinal cord without involving the brain.

What is a hormone?

A hormone is a chemical substance produced by endocrine glands that regulates various physiological processes in the body.

What is the function of the endocrine system?

The endocrine system is responsible for the production and secretion of hormones, which help regulate bodily functions.

Name the endocrine gland located in the brain.

The pituitary gland is the endocrine gland located in the brain.

What is phototropism?

Phototropism is the growth or movement of an organism in response to light.

What is geotropism?

Geotropism is the growth or movement of an organism in response to gravity.

What is hydrotropism?

Hydrotropism is the growth or movement of an organism in response to water.

What is a tropism?

A tropism is a growth or movement response of an organism to an external stimulus.

What is a stimulus?

A stimulus is any change in the environment that elicits a response from an organism.

What is a response?

A response is a specific reaction or behavior exhibited by an organism in response to a stimulus.

What is the role of receptors in control and coordination?

Receptors detect stimuli and convert them into electrical signals that can be processed by the nervous system.

What is control and coordination?

Control and coordination is the process by which organisms regulate and respond to stimuli in their environment.

What are the two main systems involved in control and coordination in animals?

The nervous system and the endocrine system are the two main systems involved in control and coordination in animals.

What is the function of the nervous system?

The nervous system is responsible for detecting and responding to external and internal stimuli.

What are the two divisions of the nervous system?

The two divisions of the nervous system are the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS).

What are neurons?

Neurons are specialized cells that transmit electrical signals in the nervous system.

What is a reflex action?

A reflex action is an involuntary and rapid response to a stimulus, mediated by the spinal cord without involving the brain.

What is a hormone?

A hormone is a chemical substance produced by endocrine glands that regulates various physiological processes in the body.

What is the function of the endocrine system?

The endocrine system is responsible for the production and secretion of hormones, which help regulate bodily functions.

Name the endocrine gland located in the brain.

The pituitary gland is the endocrine gland located in the brain.

What is phototropism?

Phototropism is the growth or movement of an organism in response to light.

What is geotropism?

Geotropism is the growth or movement of an organism in response to gravity.

What is hydrotropism?

Hydrotropism is the growth or movement of an organism in response to water.

What is a tropism?

A tropism is a growth or movement response of an organism to an external stimulus.

What is a stimulus?

A stimulus is any change in the environment that elicits a response from an organism.

What is a response?

A response is a specific reaction or behavior exhibited by an organism in response to a stimulus.

What is the role of receptors in control and coordination?

Receptors detect stimuli and convert them into electrical signals that can be processed by the nervous system.

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