Flashcards on Cybersecurity and Digital Warfare

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What is cybersecurity?

Cybersecurity refers to the practice of protecting computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from digital attacks or unauthorized access.

What is digital warfare?

Digital warfare is the use of technology and computer networks to conduct offensive and defensive operations in cyberspace.

What are some common cyber threats?

Common cyber threats include malware, phishing, ransomware, social engineering, and denial-of-service attacks.

What is encryption?

Encryption is the process of encoding information to make it secure and unreadable to unauthorized users.

What is a firewall?

A firewall is a network security device that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predetermined security rules.

What is two-factor authentication?

Two-factor authentication (2FA) is a security measure that requires users to provide two different types of identification to verify their identity, usually a password and a unique code sent to their smartphone.

What is social engineering?

Social engineering is the psychological manipulation of people to trick them into divulging confidential information or performing actions that may lead to security breaches.

What is a DDoS attack?

A DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attack is an attempt to make a computer network or website unavailable to its intended users by overwhelming it with a flood of internet traffic.

What is a malware?

Malware is any malicious software designed to disrupt, damage, or gain unauthorized access to a computer system.

What is the role of ethical hacking in cybersecurity?

Ethical hacking, also known as penetration testing or white-hat hacking, involves authorized individuals testing the security of computer systems and networks to identify vulnerabilities that could be exploited by malicious hackers.

What are some best practices for staying safe online?

Some best practices include using strong and unique passwords, keeping software and devices updated, being cautious of suspicious emails and links, and regularly backing up important data.

What is the importance of cybersecurity in today's digital world?

Cybersecurity is crucial in protecting individuals, organizations, and governments from cyber threats, data breaches, financial loss, reputational damage, and the disruption of critical services.

What is phishing?

Phishing is a cyber attack method where attackers masquerade as trustworthy entities to trick individuals into revealing sensitive information, such as passwords or credit card numbers.

What is a data breach?

A data breach is a security incident where unauthorized individuals gain access to sensitive, protected, or confidential data, potentially resulting in its exposure, theft, or misuse.

What is malware analysis?

Malware analysis is the process of examining malicious software to understand its functionality, behavior, and potential impact, helping identify effective countermeasures and develop detection methods.

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Test Your Knowledge


What does cybersecurity refer to?



Which of the following is a common cyber threat?



What is the purpose of encryption?



What is the function of a firewall?



What is two-factor authentication?



What is social engineering?



What is a DDoS attack?



What is malware?



What is the role of ethical hacking?



What are some best practices for staying safe online?




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