Flashcards on Decolonization and Independence Movements

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What is decolonization?

Decolonization refers to the process by which colonial powers grant independence to their colonies or former colonies.

Which continent experienced significant decolonization and independence movements during the 20th century?

Africa

Name one famous leader who played a crucial role in the decolonization of India.

Mahatma Gandhi

Which country was the first in Asia to gain independence after World War II?

India

What was the primary goal of most independence movements?

To end colonial rule and establish self-governance

Which two countries were involved in the decolonization of Algeria?

France and Algeria

In which year did Ghana become the first African country south of the Sahara to gain independence?

1957

Name one country that experienced a violent struggle for independence.

Kenya

What was the impact of decolonization on former colonies?

It led to the formation of new nations and the reshaping of geopolitical landscapes.

Which country was once known as Ceylon and gained independence in 1948?

Sri Lanka

Which independence movement was led by Nelson Mandela?

Anti-apartheid movement in South Africa

What role did the United Nations play in the process of decolonization?

It provided a platform for dialogue and resolutions to support the rights of colonized peoples.

Which country granted independence to its colonies through a peaceful transition called the 'Salazar Decree'?

Portugal

Name one Caribbean country that gained independence in the 20th century.

Jamaica

What challenges did newly independent nations face after decolonization?

They had to establish stable governments, develop new economic systems, and address social inequalities inherited from colonial era.

Which country's independence movement was led by Jomo Kenyatta?

Kenya

What is decolonization?

Decolonization refers to the process by which colonial powers grant independence to their colonies or former colonies.

Which continent experienced significant decolonization and independence movements during the 20th century?

Africa

Name one famous leader who played a crucial role in the decolonization of India.

Mahatma Gandhi

Which country was the first in Asia to gain independence after World War II?

India

What was the primary goal of most independence movements?

To end colonial rule and establish self-governance

Which two countries were involved in the decolonization of Algeria?

France and Algeria

In which year did Ghana become the first African country south of the Sahara to gain independence?

1957

Name one country that experienced a violent struggle for independence.

Kenya

What was the impact of decolonization on former colonies?

It led to the formation of new nations and the reshaping of geopolitical landscapes.

Which country was once known as Ceylon and gained independence in 1948?

Sri Lanka

Which independence movement was led by Nelson Mandela?

Anti-apartheid movement in South Africa

What role did the United Nations play in the process of decolonization?

It provided a platform for dialogue and resolutions to support the rights of colonized peoples.

Which country granted independence to its colonies through a peaceful transition called the 'Salazar Decree'?

Portugal

Name one Caribbean country that gained independence in the 20th century.

Jamaica

What challenges did newly independent nations face after decolonization?

They had to establish stable governments, develop new economic systems, and address social inequalities inherited from colonial era.

Which country's independence movement was led by Jomo Kenyatta?

Kenya

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