Flashcards on Decolonization and Independence Movements

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What is decolonization?

Decolonization refers to the process of a colony gaining independence from its colonizing power.

Name one country that achieved independence through decolonization.

India

When did decolonization movements gain momentum?

In the mid-20th century, after World War II.

What is one factor that contributed to the decolonization process?

The rising tide of nationalism among colonized peoples.

Who was Mahatma Gandhi?

Mahatma Gandhi was a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement.

What role did Nelson Mandela play in the decolonization movement?

Nelson Mandela was a key figure in the struggle against apartheid and the subsequent independence of South Africa.

Which African country became the first to gain independence from colonial rule?

Ghana

What was the impact of decolonization on former colonies?

Decolonization led to the formation of independent nations and the reshaping of political, social, and economic systems.

Name one leader of the decolonization movement in Algeria.

Ahmed Ben Bella

What is the significance of the Bandung Conference in the decolonization movement?

The Bandung Conference brought together leaders from newly independent countries and paved the way for the Non-Aligned Movement.

How did decolonization impact Europe?

Decolonization diminished Europe's colonial empires, shifting power dynamics and leading to geopolitical changes.

Name one leader of the Indian independence movement.

Jawaharlal Nehru

What role did Ho Chi Minh play in the decolonization movement?

Ho Chi Minh was a Vietnamese communist revolutionary and leader of the independence movement against French colonial rule.

Which international organization played a role in supporting decolonization?

The United Nations

What factors contributed to the end of British colonial rule in Africa?

Growing nationalist movements, economic challenges, and shifts in global politics.

What challenges did newly independent nations face after decolonization?

Challenges included building stable governments, managing diverse populations, and addressing economic development.

What is decolonization?

Decolonization refers to the process of a colony gaining independence from its colonizing power.

Name one country that achieved independence through decolonization.

India

When did decolonization movements gain momentum?

In the mid-20th century, after World War II.

What is one factor that contributed to the decolonization process?

The rising tide of nationalism among colonized peoples.

Who was Mahatma Gandhi?

Mahatma Gandhi was a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement.

What role did Nelson Mandela play in the decolonization movement?

Nelson Mandela was a key figure in the struggle against apartheid and the subsequent independence of South Africa.

Which African country became the first to gain independence from colonial rule?

Ghana

What was the impact of decolonization on former colonies?

Decolonization led to the formation of independent nations and the reshaping of political, social, and economic systems.

Name one leader of the decolonization movement in Algeria.

Ahmed Ben Bella

What is the significance of the Bandung Conference in the decolonization movement?

The Bandung Conference brought together leaders from newly independent countries and paved the way for the Non-Aligned Movement.

How did decolonization impact Europe?

Decolonization diminished Europe's colonial empires, shifting power dynamics and leading to geopolitical changes.

Name one leader of the Indian independence movement.

Jawaharlal Nehru

What role did Ho Chi Minh play in the decolonization movement?

Ho Chi Minh was a Vietnamese communist revolutionary and leader of the independence movement against French colonial rule.

Which international organization played a role in supporting decolonization?

The United Nations

What factors contributed to the end of British colonial rule in Africa?

Growing nationalist movements, economic challenges, and shifts in global politics.

What challenges did newly independent nations face after decolonization?

Challenges included building stable governments, managing diverse populations, and addressing economic development.

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