Flashcards on Digestive System

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What is the function of the digestive system?

To break down food and absorb nutrients

What are the main organs of the digestive system?

Mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine

What is the process of digestion?

Ingestion, digestion, absorption, elimination

What is the role of enzymes in digestion?

Enzymes help break down food into smaller molecules

Where does the digestion of proteins begin?

Stomach

Which organ produces bile?

Liver

What is the function of the gallbladder?

Stores and releases bile

Which organ absorbs most nutrients?

Small intestine

What is the role of the large intestine?

Absorbs water and eliminates waste

What happens to undigested food in the body?

It is eliminated as feces

Which digestive organ is responsible for absorbing water?

Large intestine

What is the function of the appendix?

Unknown, but may have a role in immune function

What is the role of mucus in the digestive system?

Protects the lining of the digestive organs

What is peristalsis?

Muscular contractions that move food through the digestive tract

What is the function of the rectum?

Stores feces before elimination

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Test Your Knowledge


Where does the digestion of proteins begin?



Which organ produces bile?



What is the role of the gallbladder?



Which organ absorbs most nutrients?



What is the role of the large intestine?



What happens to undigested food in the body?



What is the function of the appendix?



What is the role of mucus in the digestive system?



What is peristalsis?



What is the function of the rectum?




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