Flashcards on Ecology Flashcards

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What is ecology?

The study of interactions between organisms and their environment.

What are abiotic factors?

Non-living components of an ecosystem such as temperature, sunlight, and soil.

What are biotic factors?

Living organisms in an ecosystem, including plants, animals, and microorganisms.

What is a population?

A group of individuals of the same species living in the same area.

What is a community?

A group of populations of different species living in the same area and interacting with each other.

What is an ecosystem?

A community of organisms and their physical environment.

What is a food chain?

A linear sequence of organisms where each organism eats the previous one.

What is a food web?

Interconnected food chains that show the flow of energy and matter in an ecosystem.

What is a producer?

An organism that synthesizes food through photosynthesis or chemosynthesis.

What is a consumer?

An organism that obtains energy by consuming other organisms.

What is a decomposer?

An organism that breaks down dead organic matter into simpler substances.

What is the water cycle?

The continuous movement of water between the earth's surface and atmosphere.

What is the carbon cycle?

The circulation of carbon through living organisms, the atmosphere, and the earth's crust.

What is the greenhouse effect?

The trapping of heat in the earth's atmosphere by greenhouse gases.

What is biodiversity?

The variety of plant and animal life in a particular habitat or on Earth.

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Test Your Knowledge


Which term refers to the study of interactions between organisms and their environment?



What are non-living components of an ecosystem called?



What is a linear sequence of organisms where each organism eats the previous one called?



Which term refers to interconnected food chains showing the flow of energy and matter in an ecosystem?



What is an organism that synthesizes food through photosynthesis or chemosynthesis called?



Which term refers to an organism that obtains energy by consuming other organisms?



What is the continuous movement of water between the earth's surface and atmosphere called?



What is the circulation of carbon through living organisms, the atmosphere, and the earth's crust called?



Which term refers to the trapping of heat in the earth's atmosphere by greenhouse gases?



What is the variety of plant and animal life in a particular habitat or on Earth called?




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