Flashcards on Endocrine System

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What is the main function of the endocrine system?

To regulate body functions through the release of hormones.

What are the two main components of the endocrine system?

Endocrine glands and hormones.

Which gland is considered the master gland of the endocrine system?

The pituitary gland.

What is the role of the hypothalamus in the endocrine system?

It regulates the release of hormones from the pituitary gland.

What is the function of the thyroid gland in the endocrine system?

To regulate metabolism and energy levels.

Which gland produces insulin and glucagon?

The pancreas.

What hormone is produced by the adrenal glands?

Cortisol.

What hormone controls the sleep-wake cycle?

Melatonin.

Which hormone is responsible for regulating calcium levels in the body?

Parathyroid hormone (PTH).

What is the function of the thymus gland?

To aid in the development of the immune system.

Which hormone is responsible for controlling blood sugar levels?

Insulin.

What is the function of the pineal gland?

To regulate sleep patterns and circadian rhythm.

Which gland produces the hormone estrogen in females?

The ovaries.

What is the function of the testes in the endocrine system?

To produce the hormone testosterone.

Which hormone is responsible for regulating blood pressure?

Aldosterone.

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Test Your Knowledge


Which gland is considered the master gland of the endocrine system?



Which hormone regulates metabolism and energy levels?



Where is the hormone insulin produced?



Which hormone helps regulate the sleep-wake cycle?



What is the function of the adrenal glands?



Which hormone is responsible for controlling blood sugar levels?



Where is the hormone estrogen produced?



Which hormone is responsible for regulating calcium levels?



What is the function of the thymus gland?



Which gland produces the hormone testosterone?




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