Flashcards on Enlightenment

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What was the Enlightenment?

The Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, was an intellectual and philosophical movement that took place primarily in Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries.

When did the Enlightenment occur?

The Enlightenment occurred from the late 17th century to the late 18th century, spanning roughly from the 1680s to the 1780s.

Who were some influential figures of the Enlightenment?

Some influential figures of the Enlightenment include philosophers such as John Locke, Voltaire, Montesquieu, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

What were the main ideas of the Enlightenment?

The main ideas of the Enlightenment centered around the belief in reason, individual liberty, separation of powers, and the pursuit of progress and knowledge.

What impact did the Enlightenment have on society?

The Enlightenment had a profound impact on society, promoting ideals such as freedom of thought, religious tolerance, and the importance of education and science.

Which European countries were most influenced by the Enlightenment?

Countries such as France, England, and Scotland were particularly influenced by the Enlightenment.

What role did salons play in the Enlightenment?

Salons served as informal gatherings where intellectuals, including writers, philosophers, and artists, would come together to discuss and exchange ideas during the Enlightenment.

How did the Enlightenment challenge traditional authority?

The Enlightenment challenged traditional authority by promoting the idea that power should be based on reason, rather than on inherited or religious authority.

What were some notable literary works of the Enlightenment?

Notable literary works of the Enlightenment include Voltaire's 'Candide', Rousseau's 'The Social Contract', and Montesquieu's 'The Spirit of the Laws'.

What role did the Scientific Revolution play in the Enlightenment?

The Scientific Revolution provided a foundation of rational thought and empirical evidence that heavily influenced the ideas and philosophies of the Enlightenment.

Did the Enlightenment influence the American Revolution?

Yes, the Enlightenment played a significant role in shaping the ideas and principles that led to the American Revolution and the formation of the United States.

What criticisms did the Enlightenment face?

Critics of the Enlightenment argued that its focus on reason and science undermined traditional religious beliefs and social structures.

What were some key accomplishments of the Enlightenment?

Key accomplishments of the Enlightenment include advancements in science, the spread of literacy and education, and the establishment of democratic principles.

How did the Enlightenment influence the concept of human rights?

The Enlightenment contributed to the development of the concept of human rights, emphasizing the inherent dignity and equality of all individuals.

What challenges did the Enlightenment face?

The Enlightenment faced challenges from conservative forces that sought to maintain existing power structures and resist the spread of new ideas.

What was the Enlightenment?

The Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, was an intellectual and philosophical movement that took place primarily in Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries.

When did the Enlightenment occur?

The Enlightenment occurred from the late 17th century to the late 18th century, spanning roughly from the 1680s to the 1780s.

Who were some influential figures of the Enlightenment?

Some influential figures of the Enlightenment include philosophers such as John Locke, Voltaire, Montesquieu, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

What were the main ideas of the Enlightenment?

The main ideas of the Enlightenment centered around the belief in reason, individual liberty, separation of powers, and the pursuit of progress and knowledge.

What impact did the Enlightenment have on society?

The Enlightenment had a profound impact on society, promoting ideals such as freedom of thought, religious tolerance, and the importance of education and science.

Which European countries were most influenced by the Enlightenment?

Countries such as France, England, and Scotland were particularly influenced by the Enlightenment.

What role did salons play in the Enlightenment?

Salons served as informal gatherings where intellectuals, including writers, philosophers, and artists, would come together to discuss and exchange ideas during the Enlightenment.

How did the Enlightenment challenge traditional authority?

The Enlightenment challenged traditional authority by promoting the idea that power should be based on reason, rather than on inherited or religious authority.

What were some notable literary works of the Enlightenment?

Notable literary works of the Enlightenment include Voltaire's 'Candide', Rousseau's 'The Social Contract', and Montesquieu's 'The Spirit of the Laws'.

What role did the Scientific Revolution play in the Enlightenment?

The Scientific Revolution provided a foundation of rational thought and empirical evidence that heavily influenced the ideas and philosophies of the Enlightenment.

Did the Enlightenment influence the American Revolution?

Yes, the Enlightenment played a significant role in shaping the ideas and principles that led to the American Revolution and the formation of the United States.

What criticisms did the Enlightenment face?

Critics of the Enlightenment argued that its focus on reason and science undermined traditional religious beliefs and social structures.

What were some key accomplishments of the Enlightenment?

Key accomplishments of the Enlightenment include advancements in science, the spread of literacy and education, and the establishment of democratic principles.

How did the Enlightenment influence the concept of human rights?

The Enlightenment contributed to the development of the concept of human rights, emphasizing the inherent dignity and equality of all individuals.

What challenges did the Enlightenment face?

The Enlightenment faced challenges from conservative forces that sought to maintain existing power structures and resist the spread of new ideas.

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