Flashcards on Evaluating Burden of Disease

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What is meant by 'burden of disease'?

The overall impact of a disease on a population, taking into account both mortality and morbidity.

What factors are included in assessing disease burden?

Mortality, morbidity, years of life lost, and disability-adjusted life years.

How is disability-adjusted life year (DALY) calculated?

DALY = years of life lost due to premature death + years lived with disability.

What is the difference between incidence and prevalence?

Incidence refers to the number of new cases of a disease within a population during a specific time period, while prevalence refers to the total number of cases (new and existing) in a population at a specific time.

What is the purpose of estimating disease burden?

To inform public health policies, allocate resources, and prioritize research and interventions.

What is the Global Burden of Disease study?

A comprehensive research project that quantifies the health loss from all major diseases, injuries and risk factors by age, sex and population, over time.

What is the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY) method used for?

To calculate the overall health impact of a disease or injury by combining the years of life lost and the years lived with disability.

Why is it important to assess disease burden in low- and middle-income countries?

Because these countries often struggle with limited resources and infrastructure for healthcare, and prioritizing the most burdensome diseases can lead to more efficient allocation of resources and better health outcomes.

What is morbidity?

The prevalence of a disease or condition in a population, including nonfatal cases.

What is mortality?

The number of deaths in a population, usually expressed as a rate per 100,000 people.

What is the difference between years of life lost (YLL) and years lived with disability (YLD)?

YLL measures the premature deaths caused by a disease or condition, while YLD measures the years of healthy life lost due to disability from the disease or condition.

How do researchers estimate the burden of rare diseases?

By using a combination of disease registries, administrative data, and epidemiological models to estimate disease prevalence and impact.

What is the GBD Compare tool?

An online tool that allows users to explore and compare estimates of disease burden by location, age, and sex.

What are some limitations of estimating disease burden?

Data availability and quality, differences in disease definitions and diagnostic criteria, and variations in the methodologies used to estimate burden can all affect the accuracy of estimates.

What is the role of stakeholders in estimating disease burden?

Stakeholders such as policymakers, healthcare providers, patients, and advocacy groups provide crucial input and feedback on disease burden estimates, helping to ensure that the estimates are relevant, comprehensive, and meaningful.

What is meant by 'burden of disease'?

The overall impact of a disease on a population, taking into account both mortality and morbidity.

What factors are included in assessing disease burden?

Mortality, morbidity, years of life lost, and disability-adjusted life years.

How is disability-adjusted life year (DALY) calculated?

DALY = years of life lost due to premature death + years lived with disability.

What is the difference between incidence and prevalence?

Incidence refers to the number of new cases of a disease within a population during a specific time period, while prevalence refers to the total number of cases (new and existing) in a population at a specific time.

What is the purpose of estimating disease burden?

To inform public health policies, allocate resources, and prioritize research and interventions.

What is the Global Burden of Disease study?

A comprehensive research project that quantifies the health loss from all major diseases, injuries and risk factors by age, sex and population, over time.

What is the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY) method used for?

To calculate the overall health impact of a disease or injury by combining the years of life lost and the years lived with disability.

Why is it important to assess disease burden in low- and middle-income countries?

Because these countries often struggle with limited resources and infrastructure for healthcare, and prioritizing the most burdensome diseases can lead to more efficient allocation of resources and better health outcomes.

What is morbidity?

The prevalence of a disease or condition in a population, including nonfatal cases.

What is mortality?

The number of deaths in a population, usually expressed as a rate per 100,000 people.

What is the difference between years of life lost (YLL) and years lived with disability (YLD)?

YLL measures the premature deaths caused by a disease or condition, while YLD measures the years of healthy life lost due to disability from the disease or condition.

How do researchers estimate the burden of rare diseases?

By using a combination of disease registries, administrative data, and epidemiological models to estimate disease prevalence and impact.

What is the GBD Compare tool?

An online tool that allows users to explore and compare estimates of disease burden by location, age, and sex.

What are some limitations of estimating disease burden?

Data availability and quality, differences in disease definitions and diagnostic criteria, and variations in the methodologies used to estimate burden can all affect the accuracy of estimates.

What is the role of stakeholders in estimating disease burden?

Stakeholders such as policymakers, healthcare providers, patients, and advocacy groups provide crucial input and feedback on disease burden estimates, helping to ensure that the estimates are relevant, comprehensive, and meaningful.

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