Flashcards on Farmacología

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What is pharmacology?

The study of drugs and their effects on the body.

What are the different branches of pharmacology?

Pharmacodynamics, Pharmacokinetics, and Pharmacotherapeutics.

What is a drug receptor?

A protein molecule with which a drug interacts to produce its effects.

What is pharmacokinetics?

The study of drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion.

What is pharmacodynamics?

The study of how drugs interact with their targets to produce effect.

What is the therapeutic index?

The ratio of the toxic dose to the therapeutic dose of a drug.

What is a placebo?

An inactive substance or treatment used as a control in clinical trials.

What are the four phases of clinical trials?

Phase 1, Phase 2, Phase 3, and Phase 4.

What are side effects?

Unintended effects of drugs that are not the desired therapeutic effects.

What is drug resistance?

The ability of bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms to resist the effects of drugs.

What is a controlled substance?

A drug that is regulated by the government due to its potential for abuse or addiction.

What is medication adherence?

The extent to which a patient takes medications as prescribed by their healthcare provider.

What is a drug interaction?

When one drug affects the pharmacokinetics or pharmacodynamics of another drug.

What is off-label drug use?

The use of a drug for a purpose that is not approved by the regulatory authorities.

What is the placebo effect?

The phenomenon in which a patient experiences a benefit from an inactive treatment due to their belief in its efficacy.

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Test Your Knowledge


Which branch of pharmacology studies how drugs interact with their targets to produce effect?



What is the therapeutic index?



What are side effects?



What is a controlled substance?



What is a drug interaction?



What is off-label drug use?



What is medication adherence?



What is the placebo effect?



What is drug resistance?



What are the different branches of pharmacology?




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