Flashcards on Food

Click on the flashcard to see the answer


What are the six main nutrients that our body needs?

Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water.

What is the difference between a fruit and a vegetable?

A fruit is the mature ovary of a flowering plant, usually containing seeds. A vegetable is any other edible part of a plant, such as the leaves, stems, or roots.

What are some examples of grains?

Wheat, rice, oats, corn, barley, quinoa, and millet.

What is the difference between a whole grain and a refined grain?

A whole grain contains the entire grain kernel, including the bran, germ, and endosperm. A refined grain has had the bran and germ removed, leaving only the starchy endosperm.

What is a balanced meal?

A balanced meal includes foods from all five food groups in the right amounts and proportions: fruits, vegetables, grains, proteins, and dairy.

What is an example of a protein-rich food?

Fish, chicken, beef, pork, tofu, beans, lentils, nuts, and seeds.

What is a food allergy?

A food allergy is an abnormal response of the immune system to a food protein, causing symptoms ranging from mild hives to life-threatening anaphylaxis.

What is the difference between a food intolerance and a food allergy?

A food intolerance is a non-immune response to a food that can cause digestive symptoms such as bloating, gas, and diarrhea. A food allergy is an immune response that can cause a range of symptoms, including digestive, respiratory, and skin reactions.

What is a vegetarian?

A vegetarian is a person who does not eat meat, poultry, fish, or any products derived from animals, such as eggs or dairy.

What is a vegan?

A vegan is a person who does not eat or use any animal products, including meat, dairy, eggs, leather, or wool.

What is a gluten-free diet?

A gluten-free diet is a diet that excludes the protein gluten, which is found in wheat, barley, and rye, and is often necessary for people with celiac disease or gluten sensitivity.

What is a superfood?

A superfood is a nutrient-rich food considered to be especially beneficial for health and well-being, such as blueberries, kale, salmon, or quinoa.

What is a serving size?

A serving size is the amount of food recommended by dietary guidelines for one person to eat at a time, usually measured by weight or volume.

What is a calorie?

A calorie is a unit of energy used to measure the energy content of food and the energy expended by the body.

What is a food label?

A food label is a panel of information required by law on most packaged food products, including the name of the product, its ingredients, nutritional content, and manufacturer.

What are the six main nutrients that our body needs?

Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water.

What is the difference between a fruit and a vegetable?

A fruit is the mature ovary of a flowering plant, usually containing seeds. A vegetable is any other edible part of a plant, such as the leaves, stems, or roots.

What are some examples of grains?

Wheat, rice, oats, corn, barley, quinoa, and millet.

What is the difference between a whole grain and a refined grain?

A whole grain contains the entire grain kernel, including the bran, germ, and endosperm. A refined grain has had the bran and germ removed, leaving only the starchy endosperm.

What is a balanced meal?

A balanced meal includes foods from all five food groups in the right amounts and proportions: fruits, vegetables, grains, proteins, and dairy.

What is an example of a protein-rich food?

Fish, chicken, beef, pork, tofu, beans, lentils, nuts, and seeds.

What is a food allergy?

A food allergy is an abnormal response of the immune system to a food protein, causing symptoms ranging from mild hives to life-threatening anaphylaxis.

What is the difference between a food intolerance and a food allergy?

A food intolerance is a non-immune response to a food that can cause digestive symptoms such as bloating, gas, and diarrhea. A food allergy is an immune response that can cause a range of symptoms, including digestive, respiratory, and skin reactions.

What is a vegetarian?

A vegetarian is a person who does not eat meat, poultry, fish, or any products derived from animals, such as eggs or dairy.

What is a vegan?

A vegan is a person who does not eat or use any animal products, including meat, dairy, eggs, leather, or wool.

What is a gluten-free diet?

A gluten-free diet is a diet that excludes the protein gluten, which is found in wheat, barley, and rye, and is often necessary for people with celiac disease or gluten sensitivity.

What is a superfood?

A superfood is a nutrient-rich food considered to be especially beneficial for health and well-being, such as blueberries, kale, salmon, or quinoa.

What is a serving size?

A serving size is the amount of food recommended by dietary guidelines for one person to eat at a time, usually measured by weight or volume.

What is a calorie?

A calorie is a unit of energy used to measure the energy content of food and the energy expended by the body.

What is a food label?

A food label is a panel of information required by law on most packaged food products, including the name of the product, its ingredients, nutritional content, and manufacturer.

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