Flashcards on Food

Click on the flashcard to see the answer


What is the main source of energy for our body?

Carbohydrates

Which food group provides us with essential vitamins and minerals?

Fruits and vegetables

What are the five basic tastes?

Sweet, sour, salty, bitter, umami

What is the process of breaking down food into simpler substances called?

Digestion

What is the main function of proteins in our body?

Building and repairing tissues

Which nutrient is needed in small amounts but is essential for good health?

Vitamins

What are the two primary sources of dietary fiber?

Fruits and vegetables, whole grains

What is the process of converting raw ingredients into ready-to-eat food called?

Cooking

Which nutrient is the body's main source of energy?

Carbohydrates

What is the process of preserving food by exposing it to low temperatures called?

Freezing

What is the function of fats in our body?

Storing energy, insulating organs, and protecting them

What is the process of converting food into simpler substances inside the cells called?

Cellular respiration

Which food group is the main source of protein?

Meat and alternatives (e.g., dairy, beans, nuts)

What is the process of removing water from food to prevent spoilage called?

Dehydration

Which nutrient is essential for growth and development?

Proteins

What is the process of extracting juice from fruits and vegetables called?

Juicing

What is the main source of energy for our body?

Carbohydrates

Which food group provides us with essential vitamins and minerals?

Fruits and vegetables

What are the five basic tastes?

Sweet, sour, salty, bitter, umami

What is the process of breaking down food into simpler substances called?

Digestion

What is the main function of proteins in our body?

Building and repairing tissues

Which nutrient is needed in small amounts but is essential for good health?

Vitamins

What are the two primary sources of dietary fiber?

Fruits and vegetables, whole grains

What is the process of converting raw ingredients into ready-to-eat food called?

Cooking

Which nutrient is the body's main source of energy?

Carbohydrates

What is the process of preserving food by exposing it to low temperatures called?

Freezing

What is the function of fats in our body?

Storing energy, insulating organs, and protecting them

What is the process of converting food into simpler substances inside the cells called?

Cellular respiration

Which food group is the main source of protein?

Meat and alternatives (e.g., dairy, beans, nuts)

What is the process of removing water from food to prevent spoilage called?

Dehydration

Which nutrient is essential for growth and development?

Proteins

What is the process of extracting juice from fruits and vegetables called?

Juicing

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