Flashcards on Health and Diseases

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What is the definition of health?

Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being.

What are communicable diseases?

Communicable diseases are illnesses caused by infectious agents that can be spread from person to person.

Name three non-communicable diseases.

Examples of non-communicable diseases include heart disease, cancer, and diabetes.

What is the importance of balanced diet?

A balanced diet provides all the essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that the body needs to function properly.

What are the common symptoms of the flu?

Common symptoms of the flu include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, and fatigue.

What is the difference between bacteria and viruses?

Bacteria are single-celled organisms that can live independently, while viruses are smaller and require a host cell to reproduce.

What is the function of antibodies in the immune system?

Antibodies help the immune system recognize and neutralize harmful substances, such as bacteria and viruses.

What are the risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease?

Risk factors for cardiovascular disease include high blood pressure, smoking, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle.

What is the difference between acute and chronic diseases?

Acute diseases develop rapidly and have a short duration, while chronic diseases persist for a long time and often progress slowly.

What is the function of the respiratory system?

The respiratory system is responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide, allowing for gas exchange in the body.

What is the role of vaccinations?

Vaccinations stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies and provide immunity against specific diseases.

What is the impact of stress on health?

Chronic stress can have negative effects on both physical and mental health, increasing the risk of various diseases.

What are some ways to prevent the spread of infectious diseases?

Practicing good hygiene, such as washing hands regularly, covering coughs and sneezes, and avoiding close contact with sick individuals, can help prevent the spread of infectious diseases.

What is the function of the digestive system?

The digestive system breaks down food into nutrients that can be absorbed by the body and eliminates waste materials.

What is the difference between a virus and a parasite?

A virus is a microscopic infectious agent, while a parasite is an organism that lives on or in another organism and benefits at the expense of the host.

Why is physical activity important for overall health?

Regular physical activity helps maintain a healthy weight, reduces the risk of chronic diseases, and improves mental well-being.

What is the definition of health?

Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being.

What are communicable diseases?

Communicable diseases are illnesses caused by infectious agents that can be spread from person to person.

Name three non-communicable diseases.

Examples of non-communicable diseases include heart disease, cancer, and diabetes.

What is the importance of balanced diet?

A balanced diet provides all the essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that the body needs to function properly.

What are the common symptoms of the flu?

Common symptoms of the flu include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, and fatigue.

What is the difference between bacteria and viruses?

Bacteria are single-celled organisms that can live independently, while viruses are smaller and require a host cell to reproduce.

What is the function of antibodies in the immune system?

Antibodies help the immune system recognize and neutralize harmful substances, such as bacteria and viruses.

What are the risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease?

Risk factors for cardiovascular disease include high blood pressure, smoking, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle.

What is the difference between acute and chronic diseases?

Acute diseases develop rapidly and have a short duration, while chronic diseases persist for a long time and often progress slowly.

What is the function of the respiratory system?

The respiratory system is responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide, allowing for gas exchange in the body.

What is the role of vaccinations?

Vaccinations stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies and provide immunity against specific diseases.

What is the impact of stress on health?

Chronic stress can have negative effects on both physical and mental health, increasing the risk of various diseases.

What are some ways to prevent the spread of infectious diseases?

Practicing good hygiene, such as washing hands regularly, covering coughs and sneezes, and avoiding close contact with sick individuals, can help prevent the spread of infectious diseases.

What is the function of the digestive system?

The digestive system breaks down food into nutrients that can be absorbed by the body and eliminates waste materials.

What is the difference between a virus and a parasite?

A virus is a microscopic infectious agent, while a parasite is an organism that lives on or in another organism and benefits at the expense of the host.

Why is physical activity important for overall health?

Regular physical activity helps maintain a healthy weight, reduces the risk of chronic diseases, and improves mental well-being.

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