Flashcards on Histology

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What is histology?

The study of tissues.

What are the four basic types of tissues in the human body?

Epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous tissues.

What is the function of epithelial tissue?

To protect, absorb, and secrete.

Which type of tissue lines the external surface of the body and the internal organs?

Epithelial tissue.

What is the extracellular matrix?

The non-living substance secreted by cells that provides structural support.

What is the function of connective tissue?

To support, bind, and protect organs.

What type of tissue is responsible for the contraction of muscles?

Muscle tissue.

What are the three types of muscle tissue?

Skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscles.

What is the function of nervous tissue?

To transmit and process nerve impulses.

Which type of tissue contains neurons and neuroglial cells?

Nervous tissue.

What is the difference between exocrine and endocrine glands?

Exocrine glands secrete substances through ducts, while endocrine glands secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream.

What is the function of blood?

To transport oxygen, nutrients, and waste products.

What are the main components of blood?

Red blood cells, white blood cells, and plasma.

What is the function of bone tissue?

To provide support and protection to organs.

What are the two types of bone tissue?

Compact and spongy bone.

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Test Your Knowledge


Which type of tissue lines the external surface of the body and the internal organs?



What is the function of blood?



Which type of tissue contains neurons and neuroglial cells?



What are the four basic types of tissues in the human body?



What is the difference between exocrine and endocrine glands?



What is the function of bone tissue?



What is the function of epithelial tissue?



What is the function of connective tissue?



What is the function of nervous tissue?



What type of tissue is responsible for the contraction of muscles?




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