Flashcards on How Do Organisms Reproduce?

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What is asexual reproduction?

A form of reproduction where a single organism produces offspring without the involvement of another organism.

What is sexual reproduction?

A form of reproduction where two organisms contribute genetic material to produce offspring.

What are the advantages of asexual reproduction?

Advantages include rapid reproduction and the ability to colonize new habitats quickly.

What are the advantages of sexual reproduction?

Advantages include genetic variation, increased adaptability, and the ability to repair damaged DNA.

What is binary fission?

A form of asexual reproduction where an organism splits into two equal-sized offspring.

What is fragmentation?

A form of asexual reproduction where an organism breaks into fragments, each of which can develop into a new individual.

What is budding?

A form of asexual reproduction where a new individual develops as an outgrowth or bud from the parent organism.

What is regeneration?

The ability of an organism to regrow lost or damaged body parts.

What is pollination?

The transfer of pollen from the male reproductive organs to the female reproductive organs in plants.

What is fertilization?

The fusion of the male gamete (sperm) and the female gamete (egg) to form a zygote.

What is internal fertilization?

Fertilization that occurs inside the female reproductive tract.

What is external fertilization?

Fertilization that occurs outside the bodies of the organisms involved.

What is mitosis?

A type of cell division that produces two daughter cells with the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell.

What is meiosis?

A type of cell division that produces four daughter cells with half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell.

What are gametes?

Haploid cells (sperm and egg) that fuse during fertilization to form a diploid zygote.

What is asexual reproduction?

A form of reproduction where a single organism produces offspring without the involvement of another organism.

What is sexual reproduction?

A form of reproduction where two organisms contribute genetic material to produce offspring.

What are the advantages of asexual reproduction?

Advantages include rapid reproduction and the ability to colonize new habitats quickly.

What are the advantages of sexual reproduction?

Advantages include genetic variation, increased adaptability, and the ability to repair damaged DNA.

What is binary fission?

A form of asexual reproduction where an organism splits into two equal-sized offspring.

What is fragmentation?

A form of asexual reproduction where an organism breaks into fragments, each of which can develop into a new individual.

What is budding?

A form of asexual reproduction where a new individual develops as an outgrowth or bud from the parent organism.

What is regeneration?

The ability of an organism to regrow lost or damaged body parts.

What is pollination?

The transfer of pollen from the male reproductive organs to the female reproductive organs in plants.

What is fertilization?

The fusion of the male gamete (sperm) and the female gamete (egg) to form a zygote.

What is internal fertilization?

Fertilization that occurs inside the female reproductive tract.

What is external fertilization?

Fertilization that occurs outside the bodies of the organisms involved.

What is mitosis?

A type of cell division that produces two daughter cells with the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell.

What is meiosis?

A type of cell division that produces four daughter cells with half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell.

What are gametes?

Haploid cells (sperm and egg) that fuse during fertilization to form a diploid zygote.

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