Flashcards on Human Endocrine System

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What is the endocrine system?

The endocrine system is a network of glands that produce and secrete hormones.

Name three important glands in the endocrine system.

Hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and thyroid gland.

What is the main function of the endocrine system?

To regulate and control various bodily functions through the release of hormones.

What are hormones?

Hormones are chemical messengers that travel through the bloodstream to target cells and organs.

Name two hormones produced by the thyroid gland.

Thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3).

Where is the pituitary gland located?

The pituitary gland is located at the base of the brain.

What is the master gland of the endocrine system?

The pituitary gland

What are the two main divisions of the endocrine system?

The central endocrine system and the peripheral endocrine system.

What is the function of the hypothalamus gland?

The hypothalamus gland controls the release of hormones by the pituitary gland.

Name two hormones produced by the adrenal glands.

Cortisol and adrenaline.

What is the function of the pancreas in the endocrine system?

The pancreas produces insulin and glucagon to regulate blood sugar levels.

What is the hormone responsible for regulating sleep-wake cycles?

Melatonin.

Name two hormones produced by the ovaries.

Estrogen and progesterone.

What is the condition caused by an overactive thyroid gland?

Hyperthyroidism.

What is the condition caused by an underactive thyroid gland?

Hypothyroidism.

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Test Your Knowledge


Which gland is known as the 'master gland' of the endocrine system?



What is the main function of the endocrine system?



Which hormone is responsible for regulating blood sugar levels?



Where is the pancreas located?



Which hormone is responsible for regulating sleep-wake cycles?



Which gland controls the release of hormones by the pituitary gland?



Which gland produces cortisol and adrenaline?



Which hormone is produced by the ovaries?



Which condition is caused by an overactive thyroid gland?



Which gland is known as the 'master gland' of the endocrine system?




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