Flashcards on Human Reproduction

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What is human reproduction?

Human reproduction is the process by which offspring are produced. It involves the fusion of gametes to create a zygote, which becomes an embryo and eventually a fetus.

What are the male reproductive organs?

The male reproductive system includes the testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and the penis.

What are the female reproductive organs?

The female reproductive system includes the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, and vagina.

What is ovulation?

Ovulation is the process by which an egg is released from the ovary into the fallopian tube, where it can be fertilized by sperm.

How does fertilization occur?

Fertilization occurs when a sperm cell joins with an egg cell to form a zygote.

What is an ectopic pregnancy?

An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that occurs outside of the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube.

What is a miscarriage?

A miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy before the 20th week. It can occur due to various reasons like genetic abnormalities, infections, hormonal imbalances, etc.

What is a cesarean section?

A cesarean section is a surgical procedure in which a baby is delivered through an incision in the mother's abdomen and uterus.

What is menopause?

Menopause is the cessation of menstruation and reproductive function in women, typically occurring between the ages of 45 and 55.

What is contraception?

Contraception is the use of various methods to prevent pregnancy, such as condoms, birth control pills, intrauterine devices (IUDs), etc.

What is sexually transmitted infection (STI)?

A sexually transmitted infection (STI) is an infection that is spread through sexual contact. Examples include chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, HPV, etc.

What is infertility?

Infertility is the inability to conceive a child after a year of trying. It can be caused by various factors such as hormonal imbalances, structural problems, infections, genetics, etc.

What is the role of the placenta during pregnancy?

The placenta is an organ that develops in the uterus during pregnancy. It provides oxygen and nutrients to the developing fetus and removes waste products.

What is the difference between identical and fraternal twins?

Identical twins come from a single fertilized egg that splits into two, whereas fraternal twins come from two separate eggs that are fertilized by two different sperm cells.

What is surrogacy?

Surrogacy is a process in which a woman carries and delivers a baby for another person or couple who are unable to have a child on their own.

What is human reproduction?

Human reproduction is the process by which offspring are produced. It involves the fusion of gametes to create a zygote, which becomes an embryo and eventually a fetus.

What are the male reproductive organs?

The male reproductive system includes the testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and the penis.

What are the female reproductive organs?

The female reproductive system includes the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, and vagina.

What is ovulation?

Ovulation is the process by which an egg is released from the ovary into the fallopian tube, where it can be fertilized by sperm.

How does fertilization occur?

Fertilization occurs when a sperm cell joins with an egg cell to form a zygote.

What is an ectopic pregnancy?

An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that occurs outside of the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube.

What is a miscarriage?

A miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy before the 20th week. It can occur due to various reasons like genetic abnormalities, infections, hormonal imbalances, etc.

What is a cesarean section?

A cesarean section is a surgical procedure in which a baby is delivered through an incision in the mother's abdomen and uterus.

What is menopause?

Menopause is the cessation of menstruation and reproductive function in women, typically occurring between the ages of 45 and 55.

What is contraception?

Contraception is the use of various methods to prevent pregnancy, such as condoms, birth control pills, intrauterine devices (IUDs), etc.

What is sexually transmitted infection (STI)?

A sexually transmitted infection (STI) is an infection that is spread through sexual contact. Examples include chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, HPV, etc.

What is infertility?

Infertility is the inability to conceive a child after a year of trying. It can be caused by various factors such as hormonal imbalances, structural problems, infections, genetics, etc.

What is the role of the placenta during pregnancy?

The placenta is an organ that develops in the uterus during pregnancy. It provides oxygen and nutrients to the developing fetus and removes waste products.

What is the difference between identical and fraternal twins?

Identical twins come from a single fertilized egg that splits into two, whereas fraternal twins come from two separate eggs that are fertilized by two different sperm cells.

What is surrogacy?

Surrogacy is a process in which a woman carries and delivers a baby for another person or couple who are unable to have a child on their own.

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