Flashcards on Krashen's Theory

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What is Krashen's theory?

Krashen's theory is a theory of second language acquisition that emphasizes the importance of input and natural communication.

Who developed Krashen's theory?

Krashen's theory was developed by Stephen Krashen, a linguist and language educator.

What are the main components of Krashen's theory?

Krashen's theory has five main components: the acquisition-learning hypothesis, the monitor hypothesis, the natural order hypothesis, the input hypothesis, and the affective filter hypothesis.

What is the acquisition-learning hypothesis?

The acquisition-learning hypothesis suggests that there are two ways of developing language skills: through acquisition (natural subconscious process) and through learning (conscious knowledge gained through formal instruction).

What is the monitor hypothesis?

The monitor hypothesis states that the learned language (knowledge gained through formal instruction) acts as a monitor or editor during language production, making corrections based on the learned rules.

What is the natural order hypothesis?

The natural order hypothesis proposes that learners acquire language structures in a predictable order, regardless of their native language or the order in which these structures are taught.

What is the input hypothesis?

The input hypothesis suggests that learners acquire language by understanding input that is slightly beyond their current level of competence (i+1).

What is the affective filter hypothesis?

The affective filter hypothesis proposes that emotional factors, such as anxiety or motivation, can affect language acquisition by either facilitating or impeding the processing of input.

What is the importance of natural communication in Krashen's theory?

Krashen's theory emphasizes the importance of meaningful, authentic communication in language acquisition, as opposed to focused drills or memorization.

How does Krashen's theory relate to second language acquisition in the classroom?

Krashen's theory has implications for language teaching, highlighting the importance of providing comprehensible input, creating a low-anxiety environment, and promoting natural communication opportunities.

What are the five main components of Krashen's theory?

a) Acquisition-learning hypothesis b) Monitor hypothesis c) Natural order hypothesis d) Input hypothesis e) Affective filter hypothesis

True or False: Krashen's theory emphasizes the importance of formal language instruction over natural acquisition.

False

True or False: According to Krashen's theory, learners acquire language structures in a random order.

False

True or False: The input hypothesis suggests that learners acquire language by understanding input that is slightly beyond their current level of competence.

True

True or False: The affective filter hypothesis states that emotional factors have no impact on language acquisition.

False

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Test Your Knowledge


What is Krashen's theory?



Who developed Krashen's theory?



Which hypothesis suggests that learners acquire language through natural subconscious processes?



What is the main emphasis of Krashen's theory?



Which hypothesis proposes that learners acquire language structures in a predictable order?



What does the input hypothesis suggest about language acquisition?



What impact do emotional factors have on language acquisition according to Krashen's theory?



Which hypothesis states that the learned language acts as a monitor or editor during language production?



What are the main components of Krashen's theory?



True or False: Krashen's theory suggests that formal language instruction is more effective than natural language acquisition.




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