Flashcards on L'apparato digerente

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What is the function of the digestive system?

The digestive system breaks down food and absorbs nutrients.

Which organ secretes digestive enzymes to break down food?

The pancreas secretes digestive enzymes.

Where does the digestion of carbohydrates begin?

The digestion of carbohydrates begins in the mouth with the action of enzymes like amylase.

What is the function of bile in the digestive process?

Bile helps in the breakdown and absorption of fats.

What role does the small intestine play in digestion?

The small intestine is where most of the nutrient absorption takes place.

Name the muscular contractions that help move food through the digestive system.

Peristalsis is the muscular contractions that move food through the digestive system.

Which organ stores bile produced by the liver?

The gallbladder stores bile produced by the liver.

What is the main function of villi in the small intestine?

Villi increase the surface area for nutrient absorption in the small intestine.

Which enzyme breaks down proteins in the stomach?

Pepsin breaks down proteins in the stomach.

Where does the absorption of water occur in the digestive system?

The absorption of water occurs in the large intestine.

What is chyme?

Chyme is the semi-fluid mixture of food and gastric juices in the stomach.

Which organ produces bile?

The liver produces bile.

What is the function of the esophagus in the digestive system?

The esophagus transports food from the mouth to the stomach.

Which enzyme is responsible for the breakdown of fats?

Lipase is the enzyme responsible for the breakdown of fats.

What is the role of the rectum in the digestive system?

The rectum stores and eliminates feces from the body.

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Test Your Knowledge


Where does the digestion of carbohydrates begin?



What does the gallbladder store?



Which organ produces digestive enzymes?



What is the function of villi in the small intestine?



What breaks down proteins in the stomach?



Where does the absorption of water occur in the digestive system?



What is the role of the esophagus?



What is the function of the rectum?



Which enzyme is responsible for the breakdown of fats?



Where does the digestion of proteins primarily occur?




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