Flashcards on Literary Devices: Irony and Foreshadowing

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What is irony?

A literary device where the intended meaning is different from the actual meaning.

What is foreshadowing?

A literary device used to hint at events that will occur later in the story.

What are the three types of irony?

Verbal, situational, and dramatic irony.

Give an example of verbal irony.

When someone says the opposite of what they actually mean. Example: 'Great job!' when someone failed.

Give an example of situational irony.

When the outcome of a situation is the opposite of what is expected. Example: A fire station burns down.

Give an example of dramatic irony.

When the audience knows something that the characters in the story do not. Example: In a scary movie, the viewers know the killer is in the house, but the characters do not.

How is foreshadowing used in literature?

To create suspense or to prepare the reader for upcoming events.

How can authors foreshadow events in a story?

Through subtle hints, symbolism, or recurring themes.

What is the purpose of using irony in literature?

To add depth, create humor, or make social commentary.

What is the purpose of using foreshadowing in literature?

To build anticipation and engage the reader.

What is an example of foreshadowing in 'Romeo and Juliet'?

When Romeo and Juliet both foreshadow their own deaths in their speeches.

What is an example of situational irony in 'The Gift of the Magi'?

When both characters sell their most prized possessions to buy gifts that are useless because they no longer have the item the gift was intended for.

What is an example of dramatic irony in 'Oedipus Rex'?

When the audience knows that Oedipus is the murderer, but he does not.

What is an example of verbal irony in 'Macbeth'?

When Lady Macbeth tells Macbeth to 'look like the innocent flower, but be the serpent under it.'

What is an example of foreshadowing in 'To Kill a Mockingbird'?

The mention of Boo Radley and the Radley house throughout the story, building anticipation for his eventual appearance.

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Test Your Knowledge


What is the purpose of using irony in literature?



What is the purpose of using foreshadowing in literature?



Which of the following is an example of verbal irony?



Which of the following is an example of situational irony?



Which of the following is an example of dramatic irony?



How is foreshadowing used in literature?



What are the three types of irony?



Which of the following is an example of foreshadowing?



How can authors foreshadow events in a story?



What is an example of situational irony in a famous story or play?




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