Flashcards on Microbiology

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What is microbiology?

Microbiology is the study of microorganisms.

What are microorganisms?

Microorganisms are microscopic organisms that can only be seen under a microscope.

Name three types of microorganisms.

Bacteria, viruses, and fungi.

What is the role of microbiology in medicine?

Microbiology helps in the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases caused by microorganisms.

What is the importance of hand hygiene in microbiology?

Hand hygiene helps in preventing the spread of microorganisms and reducing the risk of infections.

What is antibiotic resistance?

Antibiotic resistance is the ability of microorganisms to withstand the effects of antibiotics.

What is the process of sterilization?

Sterilization is the complete destruction or removal of all microorganisms, including bacterial spores.

What is a vaccine?

A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular infectious disease.

What is the significance of microorganisms in food production?

Microorganisms play a crucial role in fermentation and production of various food products, such as bread, cheese, and yogurt.

What is the study of virology?

Virology is the branch of microbiology that deals with the study of viruses.

What are the characteristics of bacteria?

Bacteria are prokaryotic, single-celled organisms that can be either harmful or beneficial.

What is the role of microorganisms in the environment?

Microorganisms play a vital role in nutrient cycling, decomposition, and bioremediation in the environment.

What are the different methods of microbial identification?

Microbial identification can be done through microscopic examination, culture methods, and molecular techniques.

What is the process of fermentation?

Fermentation is a metabolic process in which microorganisms convert sugars into acids, gases, or alcohol in the absence of oxygen.

What is the role of microbiology in biotechnology?

Microbiology is used in biotechnology for the production of pharmaceuticals, enzymes, biofuels, and genetically modified organisms.

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Test Your Knowledge


Which of the following is the study of microorganisms?



What are microorganisms?



Which of the following is NOT a type of microorganism?



What is the role of microbiology in medicine?



Why is hand hygiene important in microbiology?



What is antibiotic resistance?



What is sterilization?



What is a vaccine?



What is the significance of microorganisms in food production?



What is virology?




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