Flashcards on Operating System

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What is an operating system?

An operating system is a program that manages all other programs on a computer.

What are the different types of operating systems?

The three main types of operating systems are Windows, Mac OS, and Linux.

What are the basic functions of an operating system?

The basic functions of an operating system include managing computer hardware resources, providing a user interface, and enabling communication with other devices.

What is a GUI?

A GUI (Graphical User Interface) is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with computer programs using graphical elements such as buttons, menus, and icons.

What is a command-line interface?

A command-line interface is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with computer programs using text commands.

What is the most widely used operating system for personal computers?

The most widely used operating system for personal computers is Microsoft Windows.

What is an open-source operating system?

An open-source operating system is an operating system whose source code is freely available to the public, allowing users to modify and distribute the software.

What is virtual memory?

Virtual memory is a technique used by operating systems to increase the amount of usable memory in a computer by temporarily transferring data from RAM to a hard disk.

What is a file system?

A file system is a method for storing and organizing computer files and the data they contain.

What is a device driver?

A device driver is a program that allows a computer to communicate with a hardware device.

What is booting?

Booting is the process of starting a computer and loading the operating system into memory.

What is a process?

A process is an executing program that has a unique process identifier, a set of associated resources, and a state that reflects the current status of the program.

What is a thread?

A thread is a lightweight process that can run in parallel with other threads within the same process.

What is a kernel?

A kernel is a central component of an operating system that manages and controls the system's resources and provides services to other programs and components.

What is a context switch?

A context switch is the process of saving the current state of an executing program and restoring the saved state of another program so that it can run.

What is an operating system?

An operating system is a program that manages all other programs on a computer.

What are the different types of operating systems?

The three main types of operating systems are Windows, Mac OS, and Linux.

What are the basic functions of an operating system?

The basic functions of an operating system include managing computer hardware resources, providing a user interface, and enabling communication with other devices.

What is a GUI?

A GUI (Graphical User Interface) is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with computer programs using graphical elements such as buttons, menus, and icons.

What is a command-line interface?

A command-line interface is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with computer programs using text commands.

What is the most widely used operating system for personal computers?

The most widely used operating system for personal computers is Microsoft Windows.

What is an open-source operating system?

An open-source operating system is an operating system whose source code is freely available to the public, allowing users to modify and distribute the software.

What is virtual memory?

Virtual memory is a technique used by operating systems to increase the amount of usable memory in a computer by temporarily transferring data from RAM to a hard disk.

What is a file system?

A file system is a method for storing and organizing computer files and the data they contain.

What is a device driver?

A device driver is a program that allows a computer to communicate with a hardware device.

What is booting?

Booting is the process of starting a computer and loading the operating system into memory.

What is a process?

A process is an executing program that has a unique process identifier, a set of associated resources, and a state that reflects the current status of the program.

What is a thread?

A thread is a lightweight process that can run in parallel with other threads within the same process.

What is a kernel?

A kernel is a central component of an operating system that manages and controls the system's resources and provides services to other programs and components.

What is a context switch?

A context switch is the process of saving the current state of an executing program and restoring the saved state of another program so that it can run.

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