Flashcards on Refugee Crisis and Migration Patterns

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What is a refugee?

A person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster.

What are some reasons that lead to refugee crises?

War, political instability, ethnic conflict, persecution, and natural disasters.

What is the difference between a refugee and an internally displaced person?

A refugee crosses international borders, while an internally displaced person remains within their own country.

Which region of the world has the highest number of refugees?

The Middle East and North Africa region.

What is the concept of irregular migration?

Migration that takes place outside the legal norms of the destination country.

What are some push factors that contribute to migration?

Lack of economic opportunities, political instability, conflict, and environmental degradation.

What are some pull factors that attract migrants to certain destinations?

Better job opportunities, higher standard of living, political stability, and social benefits.

What is the Refugee Convention?

An international treaty that defines who is a refugee, their rights, and the legal obligations of states towards refugees.

What is the role of the UNHCR?

The United Nations Refugee Agency responsible for protecting and assisting refugees worldwide.

What are some challenges faced by refugees during their journey?

Dangerous travel conditions, lack of access to basic necessities, exploitation, and discrimination.

Why is it important for countries to have effective refugee and migration policies?

To ensure the protection and well-being of refugees, maintain security, and address social and economic implications.

What are some examples of countries heavily impacted by the refugee crisis?

Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, and Sweden.

How does climate change contribute to migration patterns?

Rising sea levels, extreme weather events, and environmental degradation can lead to displacement and migration.

What is the concept of brain drain?

The emigration of highly skilled individuals from their home country to seek better opportunities abroad.

What are some examples of temporary protection measures for refugees?

Asylum, temporary protected status, and humanitarian visas.

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Test Your Knowledge


Which region of the world has the highest number of refugees?



What is the difference between a refugee and an internally displaced person?



What is the Refugee Convention?



What are some push factors that contribute to migration?



What are some challenges faced by refugees during their journey?



What is the role of the UNHCR?



What are some examples of countries heavily impacted by the refugee crisis?



How does climate change contribute to migration patterns?



What is the concept of brain drain?



What are some reasons that lead to refugee crises?




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