Flashcards on Roman Law

Click on the flashcard to see the answer


What was the Twelve Tables?

The first attempt by the Romans to create a code of law; it established the rights of the citizen and legal procedures for defending oneself.

Who could become a Roman lawyer?

Only Roman citizens with a certain amount of property were allowed to become lawyers.

What was the primary source of Roman law?

The Twelve Tables were the primary source of Roman law, although later legal developments also played a role.

What was the difference between civil law and criminal law in Rome?

Civil law dealt with disputes between citizens, while criminal law dealt with offenses against the state.

What was the role of judges in Roman law?

Judges were chosen by lot from a pool of citizens and were responsible for presiding over trials and interpreting the law.

What was the role of the praetor in Roman law?

The praetor was a magistrate responsible for administering justice and interpreting the law.

What was the most severe punishment in Roman law?

The most severe punishment in Roman law was death, although excommunication and banishment were also used for certain crimes.

What was the role of the pontiffs in Roman law?

The pontiffs were responsible for interpreting and administering religious law in Rome.

What was the significance of the Lex Aquilia?

The Lex Aquilia established legal liability for damages caused by negligence or recklessness, laying the foundation for modern tort law.

What was the role of the aediles in Roman law?

The aediles were magistrates responsible for enforcing public order and regulating markets and public festivals.

What was the significance of the Justinian Code?

The Justinian Code was a compilation of Roman legal principles that served as the basis for European legal systems for centuries to come.

What was the role of the quaestors in Roman law?

The quaestors were responsible for managing the financial affairs of the state, including collecting taxes and managing the treasury.

What was the role of the censors in Roman law?

The censors were responsible for conducting a census of citizens and maintaining the list of members of the Senate and equestrian order.

What was the role of the tribunes in Roman law?

The tribunes were elected to represent the interests of the plebeians and had the power to veto laws passed by the Senate.

What was the significance of the Corpus Juris Civilis?

The Corpus Juris Civilis was a comprehensive collection of Roman legal texts compiled under the direction of the Byzantine emperor Justinian.

What was the Twelve Tables?

The first attempt by the Romans to create a code of law; it established the rights of the citizen and legal procedures for defending oneself.

Who could become a Roman lawyer?

Only Roman citizens with a certain amount of property were allowed to become lawyers.

What was the primary source of Roman law?

The Twelve Tables were the primary source of Roman law, although later legal developments also played a role.

What was the difference between civil law and criminal law in Rome?

Civil law dealt with disputes between citizens, while criminal law dealt with offenses against the state.

What was the role of judges in Roman law?

Judges were chosen by lot from a pool of citizens and were responsible for presiding over trials and interpreting the law.

What was the role of the praetor in Roman law?

The praetor was a magistrate responsible for administering justice and interpreting the law.

What was the most severe punishment in Roman law?

The most severe punishment in Roman law was death, although excommunication and banishment were also used for certain crimes.

What was the role of the pontiffs in Roman law?

The pontiffs were responsible for interpreting and administering religious law in Rome.

What was the significance of the Lex Aquilia?

The Lex Aquilia established legal liability for damages caused by negligence or recklessness, laying the foundation for modern tort law.

What was the role of the aediles in Roman law?

The aediles were magistrates responsible for enforcing public order and regulating markets and public festivals.

What was the significance of the Justinian Code?

The Justinian Code was a compilation of Roman legal principles that served as the basis for European legal systems for centuries to come.

What was the role of the quaestors in Roman law?

The quaestors were responsible for managing the financial affairs of the state, including collecting taxes and managing the treasury.

What was the role of the censors in Roman law?

The censors were responsible for conducting a census of citizens and maintaining the list of members of the Senate and equestrian order.

What was the role of the tribunes in Roman law?

The tribunes were elected to represent the interests of the plebeians and had the power to veto laws passed by the Senate.

What was the significance of the Corpus Juris Civilis?

The Corpus Juris Civilis was a comprehensive collection of Roman legal texts compiled under the direction of the Byzantine emperor Justinian.

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