Flashcards on Security and Privacy: Cybersecurity and Data Protection

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What is cybersecurity?

Cybersecurity refers to the practice of protecting computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from digital attacks or unauthorized access.

Why is data protection important?

Data protection is important because it helps safeguard sensitive and personal information from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, or loss.

What are different types of cyber threats?

Some common types of cyber threats include malware, phishing attacks, ransomware, social engineering, and denial-of-service (DoS) attacks.

What is encryption?

Encryption is the process of encoding information in such a way that only authorized parties can access and read it.

What is a firewall?

A firewall is a network security device that monitors and filters incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predetermined security rules.

What are the best practices for creating strong passwords?

Some best practices for creating strong passwords include using a combination of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters; avoiding common words or personal information; and frequently changing passwords.

What is two-factor authentication?

Two-factor authentication is a security measure that requires users to provide two forms of identification (such as a password and a unique code sent to their mobile device) to access an account or system.

What is a data breach?

A data breach is an unauthorized access, disclosure, or acquisition of sensitive or protected information.

What is the role of antivirus software?

Antivirus software helps detect, prevent, and remove malicious software (malware) from computers and devices.

What is the difference between a virus and a worm?

A virus is a malicious program that infects files or software and spreads when those files or software are executed. On the other hand, a worm is a standalone malware program that can self-replicate and spread through networks without requiring a host program or user interaction.

What is phishing?

Phishing is a type of cyber attack where attackers impersonate legitimate entities (such as banks or online services) to trick individuals into providing sensitive information or performing actions that compromise their security.

What is the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)?

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a regulation that aims to protect the privacy and personal data of individuals residing in the European Union (EU). It establishes rules and responsibilities for organizations handling personal data.

What is a VPN?

A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is a technology that creates a secure and encrypted connection over a public network, such as the internet. It allows users to access the internet privately and securely.

What is social engineering?

Social engineering is a tactic used by cyber attackers to manipulate individuals into revealing sensitive information or performing actions that can bypass security measures.

What is data backup?

Data backup is the process of creating and storing copies of digital information to protect it from accidental loss, corruption, or unauthorized access.

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Test Your Knowledge


What is the main purpose of cybersecurity?



Which of the following is an example of a cyber threat?



What does encryption do?



What is the purpose of a firewall?



What should be avoided when creating a strong password?



What does two-factor authentication require?



What is the term for an unauthorized access to sensitive information?



What is the role of antivirus software?



What is the difference between a virus and a worm?



What is phishing?




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