Flashcards on States of Matter

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What are the three main states of matter?

The three main states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas.

Describe the characteristics of the solid state of matter.

In the solid state, particles are tightly packed together in a fixed arrangement. They have a definite shape and volume.

Explain the properties of the liquid state of matter.

In the liquid state, particles are close together but can move past one another. They have a definite volume but take the shape of their container.

What are the characteristics of the gas state of matter?

In the gas state, particles are far apart and move freely. They have neither a definite shape nor volume.

Give an example of a solid.

Ice is an example of a solid.

Provide an example of a liquid.

Water is an example of a liquid.

Name a gas that is commonly found in the atmosphere.

Oxygen is a gas commonly found in the atmosphere.

What is the process of changing from a solid to a liquid called?

The process of changing from a solid to a liquid is called melting.

Define evaporation in terms of states of matter.

Evaporation is the process of liquid changing into a gas state.

What happens during condensation?

Condensation is the process in which a gas changes into a liquid state.

Explain the concept of sublimation.

Sublimation is the process where a solid changes directly into a gas without passing through the liquid state.

What is plasma?

Plasma is a state of matter that consists of highly ionized gas particles.

Describe the behavior of particles in a solid.

Particles in a solid vibrate in their fixed positions and do not move around.

Explain the particle movement in a liquid.

Particles in a liquid are in constant motion, moving randomly and colliding with each other.

What causes changes in the states of matter?

Changes in states of matter are caused by variations in temperature and pressure.

How does increasing temperature affect the state of matter?

Increasing temperature generally leads to a change from solid to liquid to gas.

What are the three main states of matter?

The three main states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas.

Describe the characteristics of the solid state of matter.

In the solid state, particles are tightly packed together in a fixed arrangement. They have a definite shape and volume.

Explain the properties of the liquid state of matter.

In the liquid state, particles are close together but can move past one another. They have a definite volume but take the shape of their container.

What are the characteristics of the gas state of matter?

In the gas state, particles are far apart and move freely. They have neither a definite shape nor volume.

Give an example of a solid.

Ice is an example of a solid.

Provide an example of a liquid.

Water is an example of a liquid.

Name a gas that is commonly found in the atmosphere.

Oxygen is a gas commonly found in the atmosphere.

What is the process of changing from a solid to a liquid called?

The process of changing from a solid to a liquid is called melting.

Define evaporation in terms of states of matter.

Evaporation is the process of liquid changing into a gas state.

What happens during condensation?

Condensation is the process in which a gas changes into a liquid state.

Explain the concept of sublimation.

Sublimation is the process where a solid changes directly into a gas without passing through the liquid state.

What is plasma?

Plasma is a state of matter that consists of highly ionized gas particles.

Describe the behavior of particles in a solid.

Particles in a solid vibrate in their fixed positions and do not move around.

Explain the particle movement in a liquid.

Particles in a liquid are in constant motion, moving randomly and colliding with each other.

What causes changes in the states of matter?

Changes in states of matter are caused by variations in temperature and pressure.

How does increasing temperature affect the state of matter?

Increasing temperature generally leads to a change from solid to liquid to gas.

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